The man experiences essentially no risk or discomfort when sperm is collected, usually through masturbation or sexual intercourse with a special collection condom. However, as previously stated, in the case of severe male fertility problems, a testicular biopsy may be required to obtain sperm.
Risks are infrequent with ICSI, but you need to be aware that they could occur. Risks include:
• Multiple pregnancy
• Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
Some fertility experts speculate that a link exists between ICSI and an increased incidence of birth defects. However, extensive research has shown no increase in the rate of birth defects or other abnormalities due to the ICSI procedure.
Some concern also exists that ICSI might increase the incidence of male infertility in male offspring. The thinking behind this theory is that in nature, the most viable and healthy sperm reaches and fertilizes the egg. However, with ICSI, the sperm are manually selected and injected and thereby bypass the natural selection process. Thus if rare sexual chromosomal abnormalities exist within the sperm, they might be passed to the male offspring. More research is needed to further evaluate and understand this theory.
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