Droppo, I.G., Filtration in particle size analysis. In: Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R.A. Meyers, Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, 2000, pp. 5397-5413.

Leppard, G.G., Evaluation of electron microscope techniques for the description of aquatic colloids. In: Environmental Particles, Vol. 1, J. Buffle and H.P. van Leeuwen, Eds., Lewis Pubs., Chelsea, MI, 1992, chap. 6.

Leppard, G.G. and Buffle, J., Aquatic colloids and macromolecules: Effects on analysis. In: The Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, Vol. 2, R.A. Meyers, Ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998, pp. 349-377. Leppard, G.G., Colloidal organic fibrils of acid polysaccharides in surface waters: Electron-optical characteristics, activities and chemical estimates of abundance, Colloids Surf. A., 120, 1, 1997.

Heissenberger, A., Leppard, G.G., and Herndl, G.J., Ultrastructure of marine snow: II. Microbiological considerations, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 135, 299, 1996. Woodward, J.C., Porter, P.R., Lowe, A.T., Walling, D.E., and Evans, A.J., Composite suspended sediment particles and flocculation in glacial meltwaters: Preliminary evidence from Alpine and Himalayan basins, Hydrol. Proc., 16, 1735, 2002. Myneni, S.C.B., Brown, J.T., Martinez, G.A., and Meyer-Ilse, W., Imaging of humic substance macromolecular structures in water and soils, Science, 286, 1335, 1999. Senesi, N., Aggregation patterns and macromolecular morphology of humic substances: A fractal approach, Soil Sci., 164, 841, 1999.

Mondi, C., Leifer, K., Mavrocordatos, D., and Perret, D., Analytical electron microscopy as a tool for accessing colloid formation processes in natural waters, J. Microsc., 207, 180, 2002.

Droppo, I.G., Nackaerts, K., Walling, D.E., and Williams, N., Can Flocs and Water Stable Soil Aggregates be Differentiated Within Fluvial Systems? Catena, in press. Droppo, I.G. and Amos, C.L., The structure, stability and transformation of contaminated lacustrine surface fine-grain laminae, J. Sed. Res., 71, 718, 2001. Grossart, H.-P. and Simon, M., Bacterial colonization and microbial decomposition of limnetic organic aggregates (lake snow), Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 15, 127, 1998. Droppo, I.G., Flannigan, D.T., Leppard, G.G., Jaskot, C., and Liss, S.N., Floc stabilization for multiple microscopic techniques, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62, 3508, 1996.

40. Leppard, G.G. and Droppo, I.G., The need and means to characterize sediment structure and behavior prior to the selection and implementation of remediation plans, Hydrobiologia., 494, 313, 2003.

41. Phillips, J.M. and Walling, D.E., The particle size characteristics of fine-grained channel deposits in the River Exe Basin, Devon, UK, Hydrol. Proc., 13, 1, 1999.

42. de Boer, D.H., Stone, M., and Levesque, L.M.J., Fractal dimensions of individual particles and particle populations of suspended solids in streams, Hydrol. Proc., 14, 653, 2000.

43. Stone, M. and Krishnappan, B.G., Floc morphology and size distributions of cohesive sediment in steady state flow, Water Res., 37, 2739, 2003.

44. Droppo, I.G., A new definition of suspended sediment: Implications for the measurement and prediction of sediment transport. In: Erosion and Sediment Transport Measurement in Rivers: Technological and Methodological Advances, J. Bogen, T. Fergus, and D. Walling, Eds., IAHS Pub. no. 283, 2003, pp. 3-12.

45. de Beer, D., Stoodley, P., Roe, F., and Lewandowski, Z., Effects of biofilm structures on oxygen distribution and mass transport, Biotechnol. Bioeng., 43, 1131, 1994.

46. Tolker-Nielsen, T. and Molin, S., Spatial organization of microbial biofilm communities, Microb. Ecol., 40, 75, 2000.

47. Lawrence, J.R., Neu, T.R., and Marshall, K.C., Colonization — adhesion, bioaggregates and biofilms. In Manual of Environmental Microbiology, 2nd ed., C.J. Hurst, G.R. Knudsen, R.L. Crawford, M. McInerney, and L.D. Stetzenbach, Eds., American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 2002, 466.

48. Battin, T.J., Kaplan, L.A., Newbold, J.D., Cheng, X., and Hansen, C., Effects of current velocity on the nascent architecture of stream microbial biofilms, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69, 5443, 2003.

49. Rainey, P.B. and Rainey, K., Evolution of cooperation and conflict in experimental bacterial populations, Nature, 425, 72, 2003.

50. Lartiges, B.S., Deneux-Mustin, S., Villemin, G., Mustin, C., Barres, O., Chamerois, M., Gerard, B., and Babut, M., Composition, structure and size distribution of suspended particulates from the Rhine River, Water Res., 35, 808, 2001.

51. Alldredge, A.L., Passow, U., and Logan, B.E., The abundance and significance of a class of large transparent organic particles in the ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 40, 1131, 1993.

52. Passow, U., Alldredge, A.L., and Logan, B.E., The role of particulate carbohydrate exudates in the flocculation of diatom blooms, Deep-Sea Res. Part I, 41, 335, 1994.

53. Hochella, M.F., Jr., There's plenty of room at the bottom: Nanoscience in geochemistry, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66, 735, 2002.

54. Buffle, J., Wilkinson, K.J., Stoll, S., Filella, M., and Zhang, J., A generalized description of aquatic colloidal interactions: The three-colloidal component approach, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 2887, 1998.

55. Filella, M. and Buffle, J., Factors controlling the stability of submicron colloids in natural waters, Colloids Surf. A., 73, 255, 1993.

56. Stumm, W. and O'Melia, C.R., Stoichiometry of coagulation, J. AWWA, 60, 514, 1968.

57. Walker, H.W. and Bob, M.M., Stability of particle flocs upon addition of natural organic matter under quiescent conditions, Water Res., 35, 875, 2001.

58. Bockelmann, U., Manz, W., Neu, T.R., and Szewzyk, U., Investigation of lotic microbial aggregates by a combined technique of fluorescent in situ hybridization and lectin-binding-analysis, J. Microbiol. Methods, 49, 75, 2002.

59. Gustaffson, O. and Gschwend, P.M., Aquatic colloids: Concepts, definitions, and current challenges, Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 519, 1997.

O'Melia, C.R., The influence of coagulation and sedimentation on the fate of particles, associated pollutants, and nutrients in lakes. In: Chemical Processes in Lakes, W. Stumm, Ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985, pp. 207-224. Honeyman, B.D. and Santschi, P.H., Coupling adsorption and particle aggregation: Laboratory studies of "colloidal pumping" using 59Fe-labeled hematite, Environ. Sci. Technol., 25, 1739, 1991.

Kerner, M., Hohenberg, H., Ertl., S., Reckermann, M., and Spitzy, A., Self-organization of dissolved organic matter to micelle-like microparticles in river water, Nature, 422, 150, 2003.

Leenheer, J.A. and Croue, J.-P., Characterizing aquatic dissolved organic matter, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 18A, 2003.

Filella, M., Buffle, J., and Leppard, G.G., Characterization of submicrometre colloids in freshwaters: Evidence for their bridging by organic structures, Water Sci. Technol., 27(11), 91, 1993.

Mavrocordatos, D., Mondi-Couture, C., Atteia, O., Leppard, G.G., and Perret, D., Formation of a distinct class of Fe-Ca(-Corg)-rich particles in a complex peat-karst system, J. Hydrol., 237, 234, 2000.

Perret, D., Gaillard, J.-F., Dominik, J., and Atteia, O., The diversity of natural hydrous iron oxides, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 3540, 2000.

Taillefert, M., Lienemann, C.-P., Gaillard, J.-F., and Perret, D., Speciation, reactivity, and cycling of Fe and Pb in a meromictic lake, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 64, 169, 2000.

Fortin, D. and Beveridge, T.J., Mechanistic routes to biomineral surface development. In: Biomineralization — From Biology to Biotechnology and Medical Application, E. Baeuerlein, Ed., Wiley-VCH, New York, 2000, chap. 2.

Jackson, T.A. and Leppard, G.G., Energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and its applications in biogeochemical research. In: Soil Mineral-Organic Matter-Microorganism Interactions and Ecosystem Health, A. Violante, P.M. Huang, J.-M. Bollag, and L. Gianfreda, Eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002, pp. 219-260.

Neu, T.R., In situ cell and glycoconjugate distribution in river snow studied by confocal laser scanning microscopy, Aquat. Microb. Ecol., 21, 85, 2000. de Boer, J.J., The Dynamical Character of Adsorption, 2nd ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford, 240, 1968.

Allan, R.J., The Role of Particulate Matter in the Fate of Contaminants in Aquatic Ecosystems. Inland Waters Directorate, National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario, Canada, Scientific Series No. 142, 1986.

Horowitz, A.J., A Primer in Sediment-Trace Element Chemistry, 2nd Ed., Lewis, Chelsea, MI, 1991, p. 136.

Decho, A.W., Microbial exopolymer secretions in ocean environments: Their role(s) in food webs and marine processes, Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev., 28, 73, 1990. Leppard, G.G., Transmission electron microscopy applied to water fractionation studies — A new look at DOC, Water Pollut. Res. J. Can., 20(2), 100, 1985. Leppard, G.G., The characterization of algal and microbial mucilages and their aggregates in aquatic ecosystems, Sci. Total Environ., 165, 103, 1995. Defarge, C., Trichet, J., Jaunet, A.-M., Robert, M., Tribble, J., and Sansone, F.J., Texture of microbial sediments revealed by cryo-scanning electron microscopy, J. Sed. Res., 66, 935, 1996.

Costerton, J.W., Cheng, K.-L., Geesey, G.G., Ladd, T., Nickel, J.C., Dasgupta, M., and Marrie, T.J., Bacterial biofilms in nature and disease, Annu. Rev. Microbiol., 41, 435, 1987.

79. Logan, B.E. and Hunt, J.R., Advantages to microbes of growth in permeable aggregates in marine systems, Limnol. Oceanogr., 32, 1034, 1987.

80. Li, D.H. and Ganczarczyk, J., Flow through activated sludge flocs. Water Res., 22, 789, 1988.

81. Logan, B.E. and Hunt, J.R., Bioflocculation as a microbial response to substrate limitations, Biotechnol. Bioeng., 31, 91, 1988.

82. Bergh, O., Borsheim, K.Y., Bratbak, G., and Heldal, M., High abundance of viruses found in aquatic environments, Nature (London), 340, 476, 1989.

83. Borsheim, K.Y., Bratbak, G., and Heldal, M., Enumeration and biomass estimation of planktonic bacteria and viruses by transmission electron microscopy, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 56, 352, 1990.

84. Bratbak, G., Thingstad, F., and Heldal, M., Viruses and the microbial loop, Microb. Ecol., 28, 209, 1994.

85. Lawrence, J.R., Wolfaardt, G.M., and Korber, D.R., Determination of diffusion coefficients in biofilms by confocal laser microscopy, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 60, 1166, 1994.

86. Laspidou, C.S. and Rittmann, B.E., A unified theory for extracellular polymeric substances, soluble microbial products, and active and inert biomass, Water Res., 36, 2711, 2002.

87. Wolfaardt, G.M., Lawrence, J.R., Headley, J.V., Robarts, R.D., and Caldwell, D.E., Microbial exopolymers provide a mechanism for bioaccumulation of contaminants, Microb. Ecol., 27, 279, 1994.

88. Wolfaardt, G.M., Lawrence, J.R., Robarts, R.D., Caldwell, S.J., and Caldwell, D.E., Multicellular organization in a degradative biofilm community, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 60, 434, 1994.

89. Wolfaardt, G.M., Lawrence, J.R., Robarts, R.D., and Caldwell, D.E., Bioaccumulation of the herbicide diclofop in extracellular polymers and its utilization by a biofilm community during starvation, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 61, 152, 1995.

90. Wolfaardt, G.M., Lawrence, J.R., Robarts, R.D., and Caldwell, D.E., In situ characterization of biofilm exopolymers involved in the accumulation of chlorinated organics, Microb. Ecol., 35, 213, 1998.

91. Nilsson, C.L., Lectins: Proteins that interpret the sugar code, Anal. Chem., 75, 348A, 2003.

92. Lawrence, J.R., Swerhone, G.D.W., Leppard, G.G., Araki, T., Zhang, X., West, M.M., and Hitchcock, A.P., Scanning transmission x-ray, laser scanning, and transmission electron microscopy mapping of the exopolymeric matrix of microbial biofilms, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 69, 5543, 2003.

93. Gaillard, J.-F., Webb, S.M., and Leppard, G.G., The chemical speciation of Zn in the sediments of a lake impacted by a Zn smelter, Proc. Int. Conf. Heavy Metals in the Environment: Silver Anniversary, Ann Arbor, MI, 2000, Contribution No. 1142: CD-ROM format.

94. Claesson, P.M., Ederth, T., Bergeron, V., and Rutland, M.W., Techniques formeasuring surface forces, Adv. Colloid Inter. Sci., 67, 119, 1996.

95. Camesano, T.A. and Logan, B.E., Probing bacterial electrosteric interactions using atomic force microscopy, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 3354, 2000.

96. Mosley, L.M., Hunter, K.A., and Ducker, W.A., Forces between colloid particles in natural waters, Environ. Sci. Technol., 37, 3303, 2003.

97. Lower, S.K., Tadanier, C.J., and Hochella, Jr., M.F., Measuring interfacial and adhesion forces between bacteria and mineral surfaces with biological force microscopy, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 64, 3133, 2000.

98. Muirhead, D. and Lead, J.R., Measurement of the size and structure of natural aquatic colloids in an urbanised watershed by atomic force microscopy, Hydrobiologia, 494, 65, 2003.

99. Wagner, M., Horn, M., and Daims, H., Fluorescence in situ hybridisation for the identification and characterization of prokaryotes, Curr. Opin. Microbiol., 6, 302, 2003.

0 0

Post a comment