References

1. Logan, B.E., Environmental Transport Processes. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999.

2. Dam, H.G. and Drapeau, D.T., Coagulation efficiency, organic-matter glues and the dynamics of particles during a phytoplankton bloom in a mesocosm study, Deep Sea Res. II, 42, 111-123, 1995.

3. Van Oss, C.J., Hydrophobicity of biosurfaces — origin, quantitative determination and interaction energies, Colloid Surf. B: Biointerfaces, 5, 91-110, 1995.

4. Holm, R.E., Nielsen, P.H., Albrechtsen, H., and Christensen, T.H., Importance of unattached bacteria and bacteria attached to sediment in determining potentials for degradation of xenobiotic organic contaminants in an aerobic aquifer, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 58, 3020-3026, 1992.

5. Feick, J.D. and Velegol, D., Electrophoresis of spheroidal particles having a random distribution of zeta potential, Langmuir, 16, 10315-10321, 2000.

6. Claesson, P.M., Ederth, T., Bergeron, V., andRutland, M.W., Techniques for measuring surface forces, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 67, 119-183, 1996.

7. Senden, T.J. and Drummond, C.J., Surface chemistry and tip-sample interactions in atomic force microscopy, Colloids Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 94, 29-51, 1995.

8. Razatos, A., Ong, Y.-L., Sharma, M.M., and Georgiou, G., Molecular determinants of bacterial adhesion monitored by atomic force microscopy, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 95, 11059-11064, 1998.

9. Ong, Y.-L., Razatos, A., Georgiou, G., and Sharma, M.M., Adhesion forces between E. coli bacteria and biomaterial surfaces, Langmuir, 15, 2719-2725, 1999.

10. Bowen, W.R., Hilan, N., Lovitt, R.W., and Wright, C.J., An atomic force microscopy study of the adhesion of a silica sphere to a silica surface — effects of surface cleaning, Colloids Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 157, 117-125, 1999.

11. Maurice, P., Applications of atomic-force microscopy in environmental colloid and surface chemistry, Colloids Surf. A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 107, 57-75, 1996.

12. García, R. and Pérez, R., Dynamic atomic force microscopy methods, Surf. Sci. Rep., 47, 197-301, 2002.

13. Cleveland, J.P., Manne, S., Bocek, D., and Hansma, P.K., A nondestructive method for determining the spring constant of cantilevers for scanning force microscopy, Rev. Sci. Instr., 64, 403-405, 1993.

14. Nusslein, K., Maris, D., Timmis, K., and Dwyer, D.F., Expression and transfer of engineered catabolic pathways harbored by Pseudomonas spp. introduced into activated sludge microcosms, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 58, 3380-3386, 1992.

15. Criddle, C.S., DeWitt, J.T., Grbic-Galic, D., and McCarty, P.L., Transformation of carbon tetrachloride by Pseudomonas sp. strain KC under denitrification conditions. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 56, 3240-3246, 1996.

16. Burks, G.A., Velegol, S.B., Paramanova, E.U., Lindenmuth, B.E., Feick, J.D., and Logan, B.E., Macroscopic and nanoscale measurements of the adhesion of bacteria with varying outer layer surface composition, Langmuir, 19, 2366-2371, 2003.

17. Camesano, T.A., Nataon, M.J., and Logan, B.E., Observation of changes in bacterial cell morphology using tapping mode atomic force microscopy, Langmuir, 16, 4563-4572, 2000.

18. Velegol, S.,B., Pardi, S., Li, X., Velegol, D., and Logan, B.E., AFM imaging artifacts due to bacterial cell height and AFM tip geometry, Langmuir, 19, 851-857, 2003.

19. Velegol. S.B. and Logan, B.E., Contributions of bacterial surface polymers, electrostatics and cell elasticity to the shape of AFM force curves, Langmuir, 18, 5256-5262, 2002.

20. Shellenberger, K. and Logan, B.E., Effect of molecular scale roughness of glass beads on colloidal and bacterial deposition, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 184-189, 2002.

21. Camesano, T.A. and Logan, B.E., Probing electrostatic interactions using atomic force microscopy, Environ. Sci. Technol., 34, 3354-3362, 2000.

22. DeFlaun, M.F., Oppenheimer, S.R., Streger, S., Condee, C.W., and Fletcher, M., Alterations in adhesion, transport, and membrane characteristics in an adhesion-deficient Pseudomonad, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 65, 759-765, 1999.

17 Impact of Stresses or Transient Conditions on Deflocculation in Engineered Microbial Systems

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