Z, +z2

The greater the difference in acoustic impedance between the two materials the greater the fraction of ultrasound reflected. This has important consequences for the design and interpretation of ultrasonic experiments. For example, to optimize transmission of ultrasound from one material to another it is necessary to chose two materials with similar acoustic impedance. To optimize reflection materials with very different acoustic impedance should be used. The acoustic impedance of a material is often determined by measuring the fraction of ultrasound reflected from its surface.



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