Affluence Food Excess And Nutritional Disorders

Nutrition research in the first half of the present century focused mainly on identifying and assessing nutrients in foods and recognizing deficiency diseases. Since essential nutrients were unevenly distributed in individual foods, consumption of a variety of foods was recommended to provide a more nutritionally balanced diet (1). With undernutrition still a problem even in the richer countries, greater consumption of meat and dairy products was recommended. Increasing wealth in society allowed these recommendations to match producer and consumer wishes and acknowledged, at the same time, the perceived high nutritional values of these foods of animal origin. By the 1950s, however, evidence was accumulating that the high rates of premature deaths from some of the major chronic diseases could be related to diet. Originally this was thought to be a problem only in the industrialized countries but, as medicine conquered infectious diseases, the phenomenon became recognized as existing worldwide.

The major nutrition-related degenerative diseases include obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, and certain cancers. The still continuing Framingham Heart Study, which began in 1948, has been responsible for demonstrating many associations between these diseases and diet, notably excess intake of food energy and fat, especially saturated fat and cholesterol, as well as lifestyle factors such as smoking, emotional stress, and lack of physical exercise. Consequently, current diet/health recommendations differ dramatically from those made earlier.

Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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