Adapted from: C. T. Cowan, "Materials Science and Corrosion Prevention for Food Processing Equipment," APV Corrosion Handbook, March 1990, 44 pp.

Copyrighted APV Crepaco, Inc. Used with permission.

1. N. Warren, Metal Corrosion in Boats, London Stanford Maritime, 1980.

2. A. J. Sedricks, Corrosion of Stainless Steels, Wiley, New York, 1979.

3. The British Aluminium Co., Ltd., Aluminium in the Chemical and Food Industries, 1951. (London: The British Aluminium Co., Ltd.)

5. G. A. Dummett, From Little Acorns, A History of the APV Company, Hutchison Benham, London, 1981.

6. C. T. Cowan, "Corrosion Engineering with New Materials," The Brewer 163-168 (1985).

7. M. G. Fontana, Corrosion Engineering, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1986.

8. L. L. Shrier, Corrosion, Newnes-Butterworth, London, 1976.

9. J. W. Oldfield and B. Todd, Transactions of the Institute of Marine Engineering (C), 1984, Conference 1, 139.

10. J. W. Oldfield, Test Techniques for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion of Stainless Steels and Nickel Based Alloys in Chloride-Containing Environments, NiDi Technical Series 10 016, 1987.

12. ASTM G48-76, Standard Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride Solution, American Society for Testing Materials, Philadelphia.

13. R. J. Brigham, Materials Performance 13, 29 (Nov. 1974).

14. N. D. Greene and M. G. Fontana, Corrosion 15, 25t (1959).

15. M. Woelful and R. Mulhall, Metal Progress, 57-59 Sept. 1982.

16. M. R. Copson, "Effect of Composition on SCC of Some Alloys Containing Nickel," in T. Rhodin, ed., Physical Metallurgy of Stress Corrosion Fracture, Interscience Publishers, New York, 1989.

17. L. H. Boulton and M. M. Sorensen, New Zealand Journal of Dairy Science & Technology 23, 37-49 (1988).

18. G. M. Tastayre and R. A. Holley, Publication 1806/B. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, 1986.

19. IDF Bulletin 236, Corrosion by Peracetic Acid Solutions, International Dairy Federation, 41 Square Vergote, 1040 Brussels, Belgium.

20. BS 5305 Code of practice for cleaning and disinfecting of plant and equipment used in the dairying industry, British Standards Institute, London.

21. ASTM Special Technical Publication 880. Corrosion of Metals under Thermal Insulation. American Society for Testing Materials, Philadelphia.

22. Sonderdruck aus Bundesgesundheitsblatt, 22.1,79, West Germany.

23. USA Code of Federal Regulations. Title 21. Food and Drugs Section 177.2600. Rubber Articles Intended for Repeated Use.

24. BS 903 Part A16, Resistance of Vulcanized Rubbers to Liquids, British Standards Institution, London.

25. ASTM D. 471, Testing of Rubbers and Elastomers. Determination of Resistance to Liquids, Vapors, and Gases, American Society for Testing Materials, Philadelphia.

26. ISO 1817, Vulcanized Rubbers—Resistance to Liquids— Methods of Test.

APV Crepaco, Inc. Lake Mills, Wisconsin

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