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Fu-hung Hsieh

University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri

UNITED STATES: ARMED FORCES FOOD RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Food and foodservice equipment research and development for the Army, Navy Air Force, Marine Corps and the Defense Logistics Agency is conducted at the U.S. Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center in Natick, Massachusetts. Since 1970, Natick has served as the executive agent for the Department of Defense Food Program, conducting research, development and engineering to meet the unique feeding needs of the Armed Forces through a combination of in-house and contractual efforts.

Research and Development conducted under the DOD Food Program can generally be divided into two categories: Technology Base and Military Service Requirements. Technology Base efforts encompass research in areas of known or anticipated technology gaps that impede solution of current problems or development of future systems to meet military feeding needs. Military Service Requirements are recognized, validated needs identified by one or more of the Services and generally address known current deficiencies or needs contemplated in the next three to seven years.

The DOD Food and Nutrition Research and Engineering Board (FNREB), consisting of representatives of each of the four military Services and other involved organizations, functions as a board of directors, providing direction to Natick in formulation of the DOD Food Program. The FNREB meets annually to prioritize the projects, including initiation of effort on new requirements identified by the Services during the preceding year and revalidation of the need for continuation of ongoing work.

Each Service maintains a full-time representative at Natick as a member of the Joint Technical Staff (JTS). These representatives provide military guidance to the Natick scientists relative to their Services' projects and provide liaison between Natick personnel and the military community. They assist in matters such as organizing field tests and provide a communication link between the item developer (Natick) and the customers, the military planners and men and women in the field, aboard ships and on aircraft. The JTS members represent the FNREB on day-to-day actions and participate fully in all aspects of the DOD Food Program formulation and execution.

The annual program, formulated and prioritized as described above, is executed in three Natick elements, the Food Engineering Directorate, the Soldier Science Directorate and the Advanced Systems Concepts Directorate, whose specific functions are summarized below.

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