1. T. H. Roels et al., "Incomplete Sanitation of a Meat Grinder and Ingestion of Raw Ground Beef: Contributing Factors to a Large Outbreak of Salmonella typhyrium Infection," Epidemiology and Infection 119, 127-134 (1997).

2. M. Setiabuhdi, M. Theis, and J. Norback, "IntegratingHazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) and Sanitation for Verifiable Food Safety," Journal of the American Dietetic Association 97, 889-891 (1997).

3. "Hygienic Design of Equipment for Open Food Processing," Trends Food Sci. Technol. 6, 305-310 (1995).

4. Technical Manual No. 7, Hygienic Design of Food Processing Equipment, Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK, 1983.

5. Technical Manual No. 8, Hygienic Design of Post Process Can Handling Equipment, Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK, 1985.

6. Technical Manual No. 17, Hygienic Design of Liquid Handling Equipment for the Food Industry, Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK, 1987.

7. R. C. W. Berkeley, J. M. Lynch, P. R. Rutter, and B. Vincent, Microbial Adhesion to Surface, Ellis Horwood Ltd., Chichester, UK, 1980.

8. K. C. M. Marshall, Microbial Adhesion and Aggregation, UK, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984.

9. C. K. Bower, J. McGuire, and M. A. Daeschel, "The Adhesion and Detachment of Bacteria and Spores on Food-contact Surfaces," Trends Food Sci. Technol. 7, 152-157 (1996).

10. S. Bouman, D. B. Lund, F. M. Driessen, and D. G. Schmidt, "Growth of Thermorésistant Streptococci and Deposition of Milk Constituents on Plates of Heat Exchangers during Long Operating Times," Journal of Food Protection 45, 806-812 (1982).

11. S. J. Lewis and A. Gilmour, "Microflora Associated with the Internal Surfaces of Rubber and Stainless Steel Milk Transfer Pipeline," Journal of Applied Bacteriology 62,327-333 (1987).

12. J. T. Holah, R. P. Betts and R. H. Thorpe, 'The Use of Epi-fluorescence Microscopy to Determine Surface Hygiene," International Biodeterioration 25, 147-153 (1989).

13. M. T. Offiler, "Open Plant Cleaning: Equipment and Methods," in Proceedings of Hygiene for the 90s Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK, November 7-8, 1990.

14. D. A. Timperley, 'The Effect of Reynolds Number and Mean Velocity of Flow on the Cleaning-in-Place of Pipelines," in Proceedings of Fundamentals and Applications of Surface Phenomena Associated with Fouling and Cleaning in Food Processing, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, April 6-9, 1981.

15. D. G. Dunsmore, "Bacteriological Control of Food Equipment Surfaces by Cleaning Systems. 1. Detergent Effects," Journal of Food Protection 44, 15-20 (1981).

16. W. L. Shupe, J. S. Bailey, W. K. Whitehead, and J. E. Thompson, "Cleaning Poultry Fat from Stainless Steel Flat Plates," Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 25, 1446-1449 (1982).

17. M. E. Anderson, H. E. Huff, and R. T. Marshall, "Removal of Animal Fat from Food Grade Belting as Affected by Pressure and Temperature of Sprayed Water," Journal of Food Protection 44, 246-248 (1985).

18. N. E. Middlemiss, C. A. Nunes, J. E. Sorensen, and G. Pa-quette, "Effect of a Water Rinse and a Detergent Wash on Milkfat and Milk Protein Soils," Journal of Food Protection 48, 257-260 (1985).

19. D. A. Timperley and C. N. M. Smeulders, "Cleaning of Dairy HTST Plate Heat Exchangers: Optimisation of the SingleStage Procedure," Journal of the Society of Dairy Technology 41, 4-7 (1965).

20. W. G. Jennings, "Theory and Practice of Hard-Surface Cleaning," Advances in Food Research 14, 325-459 (1965).

21. H. J. Schlussler, "Zur Kinetik von Reinigungsvorgangen an festen Oberflachen," Symposium über Reinigen und Desinfizieren lebensmittel verarbeitender Anlagen, Karlsruhe, West Germany, 1975.

22. M. Loncin, "Modelling in Cleaning, Disinfection and Rinsing," in Proceedings of Mathematical Modelling in Food Processing, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, UK, 7-9 September, 1977.

23. D. G. Dunsmore, A. Twomey, W. G. Whittlestone, and H. W. Morgan, "Design and Performance of Systems for Cleaning Product Contact Surfaces of Food Equipment: A Review," Journal of Food Protection 44, 220-240 (1981).

24. R. P. Elliott, "Cleaning and Sanitation," in Principals of Food Processing Sanitation, A. M. Katsuyama, ed., The Food Processors Institute, USA, 1980.

25. H. Mrozek, "Development Trends with Disinfection in the Food Industry," Deutsche Molkerei-Zeitung 12, 348-352 (1982).

26. J. E. Frank and R. A. N. Chmielewski, "Effectiveness of Sanitation with Quaternary Ammonium Compound or Chlorine on Stainless Steel and Other Domestic Food-Preparation Surfaces," J. Food Prot. 60, 43-47 (1997).

27. R. Klemperer, "Tests for Disinfectants: Principles and Problems," in Disinfectants: Their Assessment and Industrial Use, Scientific Symposia Ltd., London, 1982.

28. S. F. Bloomfield and E. Scott, "Cross-Contamination and Infection in the Domestic Environment and the Role of Disinfectants," J. Appl. Microbiol. 83, 1-9 (1997).

29. M. Best, M. E. Kennedy, and F. Coates, "Efficacy of a Variety of Disinfectants Against Listeria spp.," Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56, 377-380 (1990).

30. D. A. Timperley, "Cleaning in Place (CIP)," Journal of the Society of Dairy Technology 42, 32-33 (1989).

31. M. Russell, "Coming Clean on Sanitation," Food Engineering 66,104-106 (1994).

32. J. T. Patterson, "Microbiological Assessment of Surfaces," Journal of Food Technology 6, 63-72 (1971).

33. J. D. Baldock, "Microbiological Monitoring of the Food Plant: Methods to Assess Bacterial Contamination on Surfaces," Journal of Milk Food Technology 37, 361-368 (1974).

34. S. M. Kulkarni, R. B. Maxy, and R. G. Arnold, "Evaluation of Soil Deposition and Removal Processes: An Interpretive View," Journal of Dairy Science 58, 1922-1936 (1975).

35. J. M. Hawronskyj and J. Holah, "ATP: A Universal Hygiene Monitor," Trends Food Sei. Technol. 8, 79-84 (1997).

36. L. S. Madl, "Sanitation in a Flash, ATP Bioluminescence Technology Makes its Way into Food Plants," Food Processing 58, 100 (1997).

37. T. A. Green, S. M. Russell, and D. L. Fletcher, "Effect of Chemical Cleaning Agents and Commercial Sanitizers on ATP Bioluminescence Measurements," J. Food Prot. 62,86-90 (1999).

38. J. T. Holah, R. P. Betts, and R. H. Thorpe, "The Use of Direct Epifluorescent Microscopy (DEM) and the Direct Epifluores-cent Filter Technique (DEFT) to Assess Microbial Populations on Food Contact Surfaces," Journal of Applied Bacteriology 65, 215-221 (1988).

39. C. H. McKinon and R. Mansell, "Rapid Counting of Bacteria in Rinses of Milking Equipment by a Membrane Filtration Epifluorescent Microscopy Technique," Journal of Applied Bacteriology 51, 363-367 (1981).

40. P. Thompson, "Rapid Hygiene Analysis Using ATP Bioluminescence," European Food and Drink Review, 42-48 (Spring 1989).

41. W. J. Simpson, "Instant Assessment of Brewery Hygiene Using ATP Bioluminescence," Brewers Guardian 118, 20-22 (1989).

42. J. T. Holah, "Monitoring the Hygienic Status of Surfaces," in Proceedings of Hygiene for the 90s, Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping Campden, UK, 1990.

43. A. D. Russel, "Factors Influencing the Efficiency of Antimicrobial Agents," in A. D. Russell, W. B. Hugo, and G. A. J. Ayliffe, eds., Principles and Practice of Disinfection, Blackwell Scientific Publications, London, 1982.

44. Review of Worldwide Disinfectant Test Methods. British Association for Chemical Specialties, Sutton, UK, 1989.

45. Test Methods for the Antimicrobial Activity of Disinfectants in Food Hygiene. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 1987.

46. B. Van Klingeren, A. B. Leussink, and W. Pullen, "A European Collaborative Study on the Repeatability and the Reproducibility of the Standard Suspension Test for the Evaluation of Disinfectants in Food Hygiene," Report of the National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Hygiene, No. 35901001, 1981.

47. Tube Test for the Evaluation of Detergent-Disinfectants for Dairy Equipment. International Standard FIL-1DF44. Brussels. International Dairy Federation, 1967.

48. "AOAC Use-Dilution Method," in S. Williams, ed., Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 14th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Inc., Arlington, Va., 1984.

49. AFNOR T72-190 Germ-Carrier Method. Paris: l'Association Française de Normalisation, 1986.

50. S. F. Bloomfield, "Disinfectant Testing in Relation to the Food Industry," in Proceedings of Hygiene for the 90s, Campden Food and Drink Research Association, Chipping, Campden, UK, 1990.

51. J. T. Holah, C. Higgs, S. Robinson, D. Worthington, and H. Spenceley, "A Conductance-based Surface Disinfectant Test for Food Hygiene," Letters in Applied Bacteriology 11, 255259 (1990).

52. S.D. Richardson, "Drinking Water Disinfection By-products," in R. A. Meyers, ed., The Encyclopedia of Environmental Analysis and Remediation, Vol. 3, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1998, pp. 1398-1421.

53. S. D. Richardson et al., "Chemical By-products of Chlorine and Alternative Disinfectants," Food Technol. 52, 58-61 (1998).

The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

Looking To Lose Weight But Not Starve Yourself? Revealed! The Secret To Long Life And Good Health Is In The Foods We Eat. Download today To Discover The Reason Why The Mediterranean Diet Will Help You Have Great Health, Enjoy Life And Live Longer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment