Botulism See Foodborne diseases

BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY (BSE)

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, mad cow disease), a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system of cattle, was first recognized in the United

Kingdom (UK) in November 1986 (1). Believed to be caused by a newly classified proteinaceous infectious particle, a prion, BSE is one of several recognized fatal transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) found in various species. The epizootic of BSE in the UK affected more than 170,000 cattle, 70 domestic cats, and some zoo animals and is believed to have resulted in 40 human cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (v-CJD, also known as new variant or nv-CJD). The human cases resulted from the ingestion of beef contaminated with the BSE agent.

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