Commercial Preparation

An appropriate amount of carbohydrate is added to a reaction vessel at 50 to 70°C, the temperature is raised to 100°C, and the reactants are added. After appropriate heating the mass is cooled and filtered, and the pH and specific gravity are adjusted with acids, alkalies, or water to meet customer specifications. The carbohydrate hydrolysates may be obtained from sucrose, corn, wheat, and tapioca. High glucose content is desirable because cara-melization only occurs through the monosaccharide. The type and concentration of reactant determines the properties of the caramel colorant. Caramels can be prepared by using carbonates, hydroxides, ammonium compounds, sulfites, and both sulfite and ammonium compounds. There is a direct relationship between reactant concentration and color intensity. Too little produces an under-reacted product, and too much produces a product that is too viscous or even solid.

Sleeping Sanctuary

Sleeping Sanctuary

Salvation For The Sleep Deprived The Ultimate Guide To Sleeping, Napping, Resting And  Restoring Your Energy. Of the many things that we do just instinctively and do not give much  of a thought to, sleep is probably the most prominent one. Most of us sleep only because we have to. We sleep because we cannot stay awake all 24 hours in the day.

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