Conclusion And Future Development

In summary, the nonnutritive sweetener market in the United States is dominated by aspartame and saccharin. In the near future, it is reasonable to expect that the recently approved acesulfame-K and sucralose, as well as cy-clamates and alitame, which are not yet approved, may be competitors in this market. In the longer term, it is likely that blends of these sweeteners will be the most favored nonnutritive sweetener systems. Sweetener cost, as a consequence of the competition among these sweeteners as well as the substantial sweetness synergies realized in sweetener blends, is thus likely to be only a minor component of food product manufacturing cost. This statement is applicable, however, only to food categories in which the sucrose function may be fulfilled by a high-potency sweetener alone. Categories that require the type of functionality delivered by a sugar MNS such as maltitol, isomalt, lactitol, fructooligosaccharide sweetener, and erythritol are very unlikely ever to be favored by low-sweetener cost. The colligative properties of sucrose that are requisite for such applications necessitate one-for-one replacement. These materials have high manufacturing cost, relative to sucrose. In addition, the laxative effects when consumed at high levels are a disadvantage. A strong need exists for a sugar MNS that is truly noncaloric and nonlaxative.

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