Disease Problems Prevention and Treatment

The eel's body surface is covered by thick mucus. Thus the eel generally is highly resistant to diseases, unless its skin is injured or the skin or gill is infected by parasites (12).

Various fungi and bacteria can infect eels. The most common of these are fungus disease, red disease, bran-chionephritis, swollen intestine disease, gill disease, and anchor worm disease.

Diseases usually infect eels during the changes in seasons. These may be caused by a wide variety of factors such as poor pond water quality and inefficient feeding management.

Prevention rather than medication should be the program followed in disease management. Prevention of diseases would include efficient feeding management and proper water management. Moreover, eels are handled with care to avoid skin damage, which is the primary cause of infections. In case of disease outbreak, medicines are added to the food or to the pond water.

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