Fig

Figs (Ficus carica, of the very large family Moraceae) are native to Asia Minor and spread to the Mediterranean area more than 4000 years ago. The fruit is a multiple fruit developing from a whole inflorescence inside a protective coating. The best-known cultivated varieties are the common, or Adriatic, fig and the Smyrna fig. The former produces fruit by parthenocarpy and does not need to be fertilized. The Smyrna fig is fertilized by a small wasp that enters the fruit through a small hole in the end. In the United States, the Smyrna fig is known as the Kalimyrna, and the Italian Dottato type is known as the Kadota. Figs may be consumed fresh or dried, canned, or frozen. They are used in conserves, jams, confections, and baked goods.

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