Further Information

Further information on the food science and technology research providers and access to current information is available on the Internet from the following Web addresses or the E-mail address for NZDRI:

New Zealand Pastoral Agriculture Research Institute Ltd.: http: I /www.agresearch.cri.nz The New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd.: http: I /www.crop.cri.nz

Horticulture and Food Research Institute of NZ Ltd.: http: / Iwww.hort.cri.nz

Industrial Research Ltd.: http: / /www.irl.cri.nz

New Zealand Dairy Research Institute:

Anne. [email protected] org. nz

Massey University: http: I /www.massey.ac.nz

Otago University: http: / / www.otago.ac.nz

Lincoln University: http: / /www.lincoln.ac.nz Iansc

B. B. Chrystall Massey University-Albany Auckland, New Zealand

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: SOUTH AFRICA

The economy of South Africa has the distinct features of both a First World and a Third World sector. Since 1994 the annual growth rate has fallen short of the annual population increase; the population increased from 29 million in 1988 to 41 million in 1998. The result has been increasing unemployment, which has been aggravated by deregulation and globalization of the economy since 1994. From a food supply point of view South Africa nevertheless remains self-sufficient and a net exporter of agricultural produce.

The agricultural achievements may be regarded as remarkable, because the country is not endowed with high rainfall or good arable land. Annual precipitation is 465 mm, compared with the world average of 857 mm. Only 12% of the 86 million ha utilized by agriculture is arable, the vast majority being rangeland used for livestock production. Climatic regions vary from semidesert, with only 125 mm rainfall annually, on the Atlantic Coast to more than 1000 mm annually on the eastern escarpment. About 86% of the area receives almost exclusively summer rains, the exception being the southwestern Cape area, which has a Mediterranean climate and winter rains. The vegetation can be divided into five biomes: desert and semi-desert, Mediterranean plants and shrubs, forests, savanna, and open grasslands.

The principal cropping and mixed farming regions are the 1500-m plateau of the Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and Free State area, as well as the northern and midlands of KwaZulu-Natal and the southwestern Cape. The summer rainfall regions constitute mixed farming, with production of corn, sorghum, groundnuts, and potatoes together with dairying and sheep, cow, pig, and poultry production. Sheep farming includes both wool and mutton production, although the major wool and also mohair production is found to the south in the vast expanse of the arid and semiarid Karoo and adjacent regions. The southwestern Cape, with its winter rainfall, is the primary region for the production of winter cereals, deciduous fruit, and wine. Since 1995, wine and grape production for the export market has increased dramatically, the bulk of the increase being produced in the Orange River irrigation scheme. The subtropical low-lying savanna area of Mpumalanga bordering the escarpment is an important region for citrus, subtropical fruit, and vegetables. These commodities also extend toward the frost-free coastal belt of KwaZulu-Natal and the eastern Cape, with additional crops being sugar and pineapples. The far northern and northwestern savanna, the open grasslands, and the area bordering the Kalahari Desert north of the Orange River are major beef producing areas.

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Salvation For The Sleep Deprived The Ultimate Guide To Sleeping, Napping, Resting And  Restoring Your Energy. Of the many things that we do just instinctively and do not give much  of a thought to, sleep is probably the most prominent one. Most of us sleep only because we have to. We sleep because we cannot stay awake all 24 hours in the day.

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