General References

Reference 3 is a good general reference.

P. J. Bentley, Comparative Vertebrate Endocrinology, Cambridge

University Press, London, 1976. P. J. Bentley, Endocrines and Osmoregulation, Springer-Verlag,

New York, 1971. C. E. Bond, Biology of Fishes, W. B. Saunders Co., Toronto, 1979. C. P. Hickman, Jr., and B. F. Trump, Excretion, Ionic Regulation, and Metabolism, in W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall, eds., Fish Physiology, Vol. 1, Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Fla., 1969. W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall, eds., Fish Physiology, Vol. IV: The Nervous System, Circulation and Respiration, Academic Press, Orlando, Fla., 1970. W. S. Hoar and D. J. Randall, eds., Fish Physiology, Vol. II: The

Endocrine System, Academic Press, Orlando, Fla., 1969. K. F. Lagler, J. E. Bardach, R. R. Miller, and D. R. May Passino,

Ichthyology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1977. A. J. Matty, Fish Endocrinology, Croom Helm, London, 1985. P. Moyle and J. J. Cech, Jr., Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology,

Prentice-Hall Press, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1982. C. Pincher, A Study of Fish, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, New York, 1948.

G. H. Satchell, Circulation in Fishes, Cambridge Press, 1971. L. Smith, Introduction to Fish Physiology, F. F. H. Publications, 1982.

George Katsushi Iwama

University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia Canada


This article consists of brief descriptions of fish species of importance to either the commercial or sport fisheries in North America. The description of the each species consists of information about their physical appearance, notes about how they are caught and what food value they hold, their distribution, and their reproductive biology. The common and scientific names used in this article comply with published information (1).

In some cases, limiting the selection of species to those found in North America and of commercial or sport importance restricted the representatives of a particular genus or family. In most cases, however, the omitted species of any genus share most of the major characteristics of those species represented in this review. The amount of information given here about a particular species is largely a function of the body of published knowledge about that fish. This is the reason for any uneven treatment among species. The salmonlike fishes, for example, are probably the most intensively studied family of fishes in the world. The body of knowledge is consequently much larger than a group of fishes such as the ocean perches. Measured units such as body size, weight, fecundity, and age at sexual maturity are estimates in many cases, and are based on measurements on a few individuals. They should, therefore, be considered as rough estimations of the average value. The reference list at the end of the article contains reviews articles and books relevant to the species covered in this article.

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