General References

Annual Statistical Revue (1976), Distilled Spirits Council of the US, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1977.

A. Barnard, The Whiskey Distilleries of the United Kingdom, London, 1887.

H. Barron, Distillation of Alcohol, Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, Inc., New York, 1944.

C. S. Boruffand L. A. Rittschol, Agric. Food Chem. 7, 630 (1959).

Canada, Its History, Products, and Natural Resources, Department of Agriculture of Canada, Ottawa, 1906.

A. Cooper, The Complete Distiller, London, 1760.

H. G. Crowgey, Kentucky Bourbon, The Early Years of Whiskey Making, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, 1971.

Distillers Feed Research, Distillers Feed Research Council, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1971.

G. A. DeBecze, "Alcoholic Beverages, Distilled," Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Analysis, Vol. 4, Interscience Division of John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1967, pp. 462-494.

The Excise Act, 1934, Department of National Revenue, Ottawa, Canada, 1947, Chap. 52, pp. 24-25.

G. Foth, Handbuch der Spiritusfabrikation, Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg, Germany, 1929.

G. Foth, Die Praxis des Brennereibetriebs, Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg, Germany, 1935.

A. Herman, E. M. Stallings, and H. F. Willkie, "Chemical Engineering Developments in Grain Distillery," Trans. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. 31,1942.

A. J. Liebmann, "Alcoholic Beverages," in R. E. Kirk and D. F. Othmer, eds., Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 1, Interscience Publishers, New York, 1947, pp. 228-303.

A. McDonald, Whisky, Glasgow, UK, 1934.

Methods of Analysis, 12th ed., Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, New York, 1975.

G. W. Packowski, "Alcoholic Beverages, Distilled" in A. Standen, ed., Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 1, 2nd ed., Interscience Division of John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1963, pp. 501-531.

G. W. Packowski, "Distilled Beverage Spirits," in M. Grayson, ed., Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Vol. 3, 3rd ed., Wiley Interscience, New York, 1978, pp. 830-869.

Regulations, Distilleries and Their Products, Circular ED 203, Department of National Revenue, Ottawa, Canada, Mar. 30, 1961.

Regulations under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act, Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms (27 CFR) ATF P 5100.8 (12 / 77), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

J. Samuelson, The History of Drink, London, 1880.

E. D. Unger, H. F. Willkie, and H. C. Blankmyer, "The Development and Design of a Continuous Cooking and Mashing System for Cereal Grains," Trans. Am. Inst. Chem. Eng. 40,1944.

H. F. Willkie, Beverage Spirits in America—A Brief History, The Newcomen Society in North America, Downington, Pa., 1949. H. F. Willkie and J. A. Proschaska, Fundamentals of Distillery

Practice, Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, Inc., New York, 1943. F. B. Wright, Distillation of Alcohol, London, 1918. H. Wustenfeld, Trinkbranntweine und Liquöre, Berlin, Germany, 1931.

C. L. Yaws, J. R. Hopper, "Methanol, Ethanol, Propanol and Bu-tanol, Physical and Thermodynamic Properties," Chemical Engineering 119 (June 7, 1976).

Joseph L. Owades Consultant Sonoma, California

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