General References

American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages, Plant Operation

Manual, Washington, D.C., 1940. American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages, Bottlers Tentative

Sugar Standard, Washington, D.C., 1953. American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages, Bottlers Tentative

Liquid Sugar Standard, Washington, D.C., 1956. American Can Company, Carbonated Beverages in the United

States—Historical Review, Greenwich, Conn., 1972. Beverage Digest Online home page, URL: www.beverage- (last accessed April 19, 1999). BEVnet, The Beverage Network home page, URL: (last accessed April 19, 1999). Beverage World home page, URL: (last accessed June 25, 1999). Cadbury Schweppes pic. home page, URL: www.cadbury (last accessed April 19, 1999). Coca-Cola Company, Portrait of a Business, Atlanta, Ga., 1971. Dr. Pepper Museum and Free Enterprise Institute home page, URL: (last accessed April 19, 1999).

M. B. Jacobs, Manufacture and Analysis of Carbonated Beverages, Chemical Publishing, New York, 1959.

C. H. Lofland, The National Soft Drink Association—A Tradition of Service, National Soft Drink Association Washington, D.C., 1986.

National Soft Drink Association home page, URL:

(last accessed April 19, 1999). T. Oliver, The Real Coke, The Real Story, Random House, New York, 1986.

J. J. Riley and the American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages, Organization in the Soft Drink Industry, Washington, D.C., 1946.

J. G. Woodroof and G. F. Phillips, Beverages: Carbonated and Non-carbonated, revised edition, AVI Publishing, Westport, Conn., 1981.

Scott M. Griffith Admix, Inc.

Manchester, New Hampshire


How many types of beverages can you name? There are thousands of different flavors, categories, brands, and packages of beverages available in the United States today. They all have one thing in common: They are all predominantly water. Our bodies are composed primarily of water and water-soluble compounds. We must drink liquids to maintain a water balance and replenish the water our bodies expel constantly. The amount of liquid required will vary with our physical condition, exertion level, and environment. We can only survive for a week or two without some water intake. Fortunately, most of us consume plenty of beverages to meet our biological need for water.

Our water balance controls the natural desire for a drink, called thirst. When our bodies sense an excess of salts, called electrolytes, in our blood, we feel the sensation of thirst. We can satisfy our thirst by restoring the water balance through beverage consumption, but we have many other reasons to consume beverages beyond our physical need.

Natural water was undoubtedly the first beverage consumed by prehistoric people, and it remains the most popular beverage in areas where it is safe and available to drink. Unfortunately, as the world becomes more developed and crowded, those areas are shrinking fast. Throughout history, we have developed beverage alternatives with desirable flavors, physical sensations, and nutritional value. We have learned to identify and purify unsafe water and change it into the rainbow of beverages available today.

Several other beverages are found in nature, the most obvious and important to our development is milk. As mammalian babies, mother's milk is our first beverage and source of nutrition following birth. Until the relatively recent development of nutritional baby formula, milk was essential to a baby's survival. As we grow, we can experience other beverages and eventually solid food. Frequently the next beverage after milk and water, is fruit juice, another naturally occurring drink derived by squeezing ripe fruit. Of course, the fruit juice we enjoy today is much improved over what was available from fruit growing in the wild. Other naturally occurring beverages would also be liquids derived from plants such as nectars, saps, and vegetable juices.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment