Info

Meal and scrap

393,730

52,508

265,310

49,567

Fish oils

30,509

18,930

27,688

9,666

Other

3,035,026

3,353,379

Total inedible fishery products

3,106,464

3,412,612

Grand total

8,817,697

8,871,995

Note: Data include imports into the United States and Puerto Rico and include landings of tuna by foreign vessels at American Samoa. Statistics on imports are the weight of individual products as exported, ie, fillets, steaks, whole, headed, etc. "Includes loins and disks.

Note: Data include imports into the United States and Puerto Rico and include landings of tuna by foreign vessels at American Samoa. Statistics on imports are the weight of individual products as exported, ie, fillets, steaks, whole, headed, etc. "Includes loins and disks.

Figure 2. Static fishing gear. Gillnetting—a method of fishing in which fish swim into a suspended net and become entangled by their gills in the webbing. The net can be placed at various depths, depending on the fishery and locale. Source: Courtesy of Seafood Leader.

Figure 3. Static fishing gear. Cod traps—set on the ocean floor close to shore, these open-trapped box nets contain a door facing the shore, where seashore feeding cod are deterred by a net fence that directs them to the trap; once inside, they tend to swim in circles. Source: Courtesy of Seafood Leader.

Figure 3. Static fishing gear. Cod traps—set on the ocean floor close to shore, these open-trapped box nets contain a door facing the shore, where seashore feeding cod are deterred by a net fence that directs them to the trap; once inside, they tend to swim in circles. Source: Courtesy of Seafood Leader.

cling the school of fish and bringing the end back to the vessel. Most seines (Fig. 11) have a line on the bottom that can be pursed to close the net and prevent fish from escaping. Typical fish that can be exploited by this method of harvest include anchovy, pilchard, sardine, salmon, herring, and tuna.

Figure 4. Static fishing gear. Longlining—a method of fishing involving one main line to which a series of shorter lines (gangions) with baited hooks are attached. Used at various depths; ie, surface longlining for pelagic species such as tuna and swordfish, bottom longlining for demersal species as halibut and cod. Source: Courtesy of Seafood Leader.

Figure 4. Static fishing gear. Longlining—a method of fishing involving one main line to which a series of shorter lines (gangions) with baited hooks are attached. Used at various depths; ie, surface longlining for pelagic species such as tuna and swordfish, bottom longlining for demersal species as halibut and cod. Source: Courtesy of Seafood Leader.

Fishing Vessels

The subject of fishing vessel design, construction, and operation is a most complex subject and will only be mentioned here. Fishing vessels range from small outboard motor boats operated by artisan fishermen to large oceangoing vessels, which require a sophisticated crew for efficient operation. The smaller vessels operate close to shore and return with the catch each day.

The length and sophistication of modern near-shore fishing vessels depends on the fishery, the fishing location and distance from shore, the distance that must be covered going to and from the fishing grounds, and the value of the catch. It is common to find vessels 20-50 + ft in length operating in the near-shore fishery and catcher-processor vessels of several hundred feet in length operating offshore on the high seas. The crews number from one to five on near-shore vessels and up to several hundred (including process crew) on the large catcher-processors. Likewise, the cost of fishing vessels varies tremendously, from about $200,000 for a small near-shore vessel to approximately $30,000,000 for the large offshore catcher-processors.

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