Legislation

The food legislation of most countries requires that food is handled in a sanitary manner. The details and standards differ between countries. In the United States the principal federal legislation governing the handling of foods is the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938, as amended. This covers all foods except meats and poultry, which are covered by various food inspection acts. Regulations promulgated through provisions of these acts are published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which is revised annually as needed. Emphasis is on good manufacturing practices and hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) standards for the handling, preparation, processing, and storage of food. Each state may enact its own laws and establish its own regulations for food sanitation control that apply to its territorial jurisdiction. In most cases, the state laws and regulations are in substantive agreement with the federal counterpart. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has responsibility for meat, poultry, rabbit, and egg products inspection programs in the United States. Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Ro-denticide Act of 1978, sanitizers for use in food establishments are defined as insecticides and are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Antimicrobial agents for applications on humans are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration.

In Canada food legislation is enacted through the federal Food and Drugs Act of 1953, as amended. The Health Protection Branch (HPB) of Health and Welfare Canada is responsible for administering the act. Other agencies also have responsibility for food inspection, including Agriculture Canada, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Disinfectants for use in food premises are deemed to be drugs and require a Drug Identification Number (DIN) issued by HPB.

In the UK, food legislation is based on the Food and Drugs Act of 1955, which is the enabling legislation for regulations governing food hygiene and is controlled by the Department of Health and Social Security or the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF). Enforcement of the regulations is the responsibility of Environmental Health Officers employed by elected local authorities.

In Europe, the EEC has mandatory standards that automatically become law in member countries. In a broader sense, the Codex Alimentarius program of the Food and Agriculture and World Health Organizations (FAO/WHO) has the intention of establishing international agreements on food standards that would safeguard health and encourage good handling practices for foods.

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

It is a well known fact that homemade food is always a healthier option for pets when compared to the market packed food. The increasing hazards to the health of the pets have made pet owners stick to containment of commercial pet food. The basic fundamentals of health for human beings are applicable for pets also.

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