Mandarin

Mandarins (C. reticulata or C. nobilis, mandarin orange, or satsuma orange or tangerine, of the family Rutaceae), native to southern China, is now grown in many parts of the world. The many varieties may be divided into five groups: C. reticulata Blanco (common tangerines), C. unshiu Marc (satsuma tangerines), C. deliciosa Tenore (Mediterranean tangerines), C. nobilis Lourerio (King tangerines), and C. madurensis Lourerio (calamondin tangerines). The satsumas, with yellow-orange flesh, are the largest and hardiest and are common in Japan and Europe. The mandarins are similar but have orange flesh. The tangerines are smaller, with red-orange flesh. One cultivar that originated in Algeria is being sold under the name Clementine. Mandarin orange is the preferred name for all groups, and the names mandarin and tangerine are often used interchangeably. Some important hybrids associated with tangerines are the tangelo (tangerine x pummelo) and the tangor (tangerine x orange). Tangerines are a major crop, with worldwide production in 1992 estimated at 6 million metric tons and U.S. production at 300,000 tons (5). The fruit is mainly eaten fresh or canned or processed into juice.

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