New Zealand Science Structures

The government science agencies were completely reorganized in 1992. The activities of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF), the Forest Research Institute (FRI), and other government research organizations were reorganized into new business enterprises called Crown Research Institutes (CRIs). The CRI structure was established to provide an open and flexible framework for the management of science with the expectation that it would create better collaboration between the public and private sectors in areas of research and development (R&D) and technology transfer. Each institute is based around a productive sector of the economy or a grouping of natural resources and in general provides a vertical integration from production through to market. The CRIs are as follows:

New Zealand Pastoral Agriculture Research Institute Ltd. (AgResearch)

The New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd. (Crop & Food)

Horticulture and Food Research Institute of NZ


Industrial Research Ltd. (IRL)

Institute of Environmental Science & Research Limited (ESR)

Forest Research (FRI)

Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences Ltd. (IGNS) Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research (Landcare) National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA)

The first three on the list have a significant focus on food; the fourth, IRL, contributes significantly to processing of biological materials and in equipment development for the food industry and the others can have some involvement providing specific skills for food projects.

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

It is a well known fact that homemade food is always a healthier option for pets when compared to the market packed food. The increasing hazards to the health of the pets have made pet owners stick to containment of commercial pet food. The basic fundamentals of health for human beings are applicable for pets also.

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