Nutritional Content

Milk is an excellent source of calcium, phosphorous, and riboflavin. Because raw milk is a poor source of vitamin D, vitamin D-fortified milk has been sold since the 1920s to prevent rickets in children. Originally milk was fortified with vitamin D by irradiation or by feeding irradiated yeast to the cows. Ergosterol is converted to vitamin D by ultraviolet irradiation. Currently, vitamin D is added directly to whole milk to provide 400 IU or 10 fig per quart.

Table 1. Gross Composition of Milks from Various Mammals

Composition (g/100 g)

Table 1. Gross Composition of Milks from Various Mammals

Composition (g/100 g)

Species

Water

Fat

Casein

Whey protein

Lactose

Ash

Energy (kcal/100 g)

Human

The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

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