Quinces (Cydonia oblongata, of the family Rosaceae), native to western Asia, were well-known by the ancient Ro mans. The fruit is closely related to the genus Pyrus and resembles an apple. The fruit is very firm, orange, and up to 5 in. in diameter. Six varieties are known: C. sinensis, C. lusitanica, C. malformis, C. marmorata, C. pyriformis, and C. pyramidalis. The pomological quinces also include four species of the Asiatic genus Chaenomeles such as C. speciosa. Most of these are grown as ornamentals because the fruit is unpalatable. The fruit of C. oblongata is the most popular and is often added to other fruit because of its high pectin content or used to make quince jam and jelly.

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