Salt Bridges

The association of two ionic groups of opposite charge is known as an ion pair or salt bridge with a short r such as 4 A in equation 1. There are only a few salt bridges in proteins, with the exception of phosphoproteins and some glycoproteins. These salt bridges amount to about 10-20 kcal/mol for adjacent carboxylate and ammonium groups. This value is higher than 3 kcal/mol of hydrogen bonds (35). Salt bridges are formed by about one-third of the charged residues; only 20% of these bridges are buried.

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

It is a well known fact that homemade food is always a healthier option for pets when compared to the market packed food. The increasing hazards to the health of the pets have made pet owners stick to containment of commercial pet food. The basic fundamentals of health for human beings are applicable for pets also.

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