The most common stunning method for pigs in the United States and Europe, particularly in larger plants, is electrical high-voltage stunning. The head-to-body version, causing cardiac arrest and reduction in poststunning movement, is preferred. More recently, studies in meat quality have shown that the occurrence of blood splash (small, visible hemorrhages within the muscle tissue) and breakage of the back bone and blade bone are attributable to electrical stunning methods. The incidence of these problems has been reduced by careful control of stun current and electrode position and by keeping the stun-to-stick time of the animal to a minimum.

C02 stunning is also very popular. Here the pig is lowered by a cradle into a pit containing a high concentration of C02 gas. The pigs are then raised out of the gas and

Figure 10. Automatic head splitting and brain extraction machine.

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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