Info

Spleen

29 (11)

41 (61)

34 (32)

Kidney6

18 (7)

19 (28)

23 (21)

Based on autopsy findings seen in:

a38 trauma victims (25 pilots, 13 passengers); 27 died of multiple injuries and 11 of head and neck trauma only (717).

b148 fatalities (pilots/passengers not specified [723]). c93 deaths (70 pilots, 23 passengers [724]). ^Includes transection.

includes perinephric hematoma, vessel lacerations.

(Adapted from ref. 718 with permission from the Journal of Forensic Sciences.)

Based on autopsy findings seen in:

a38 trauma victims (25 pilots, 13 passengers); 27 died of multiple injuries and 11 of head and neck trauma only (717).

b148 fatalities (pilots/passengers not specified [723]). c93 deaths (70 pilots, 23 passengers [724]). ^Includes transection.

includes perinephric hematoma, vessel lacerations.

(Adapted from ref. 718 with permission from the Journal of Forensic Sciences.)

ultralights, and gliders (718). Communication between the pathologist and various police and transportation investigators is essential to determine the cause of death, the cause of the crash, and the cause of the observed injuries. A complete autopsy must be done (719). Multiple trauma is the most common cause of death (Table 5; refs. 720 and 721). Injuries can be extensive (722).

Chest wall fractures are the most common type of musculoskeletal trauma. Fractures of the upper and lower extremities indicate control-stick and floor impact trauma, respectively (Fig. 91; ref. 725). The possibility of incapacitation by disease or intoxication needs to be assessed (718).

Fig. 91. Pilot. Fatal crash. Right hand deformity caused by wrist fracture; control column injury. (Courtesy of Dr. M. Joseph, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada.)

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