Public crime laboratories in the United States are connected via the FBI's Criminal Justice Information Services Wide Area Network (CJIS WAN) through T1 lines capable of transmitting 1.5 megabytes of information per second. CJIS WAN provides Internet-like connectivity but without the security risk. This network is an intranet with access only permitted to participating laboratories. The National DNA Index System computers are protected by firewalls to maintain a high degree of security. The hub of CJIS WAN is located in Clarksburg, West Virginia.

Each state pays for their end of the system. The computer equipment for a state system costs around $15 000-25 000. The FBI Laboratory provides the CODIS software and maintains the equipment for the national system. SDIS and LDIS laboratories sign memorandums of understandings with the FBI. CODIS users agree to adhere to FBI-issued quality assurance standards (see Appendix IV) and to submit to NDIS audits.

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Stammering Its Cause and Its Cure

Stammering Its Cause and Its Cure

This book discusses the futility of curing stammering by common means. It traces various attempts at curing stammering in the past and how wasteful these attempt were, until he discovered a simple program to cure it. The book presents the life of Benjamin Nathaniel Bogue and his struggles with the handicap. Bogue devotes a great deal of text to explain the handicap of stammering, its effects on the body and psychology of the sufferer, and its cure.

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