Examining Human Population Diversity

Whole genome scans with 377 autosomal STR loci (Marshfield set 10) were used to genotype 1056 individuals from 52 populations in order to study human population structure (Rosenberg et al. 2002). Studies with this same set of data have identified particular STR loci that are effective indicators of ancestral origin (Rosenberg et al. 2003). Analysis of Y chromosome STRs (see Chapter 9) and mitochondrial DNA (see Chapter 10) have also been used for genetic genealogy studies (Helgason et al. 2003). Both STR markers and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which will be discussed in the next chapter, should continue to play an important role in understanding human diversity at the genetic level.

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