Results of developmental validation studies are shared as soon as possible with the scientific community either through presentations at scientific professional meetings or publication in peer-reviewed journals. Rapid dissemination of information about these studies is important to the legal system that forensic science serves because the courts rely on precedence when ruling if DNA evidence is admissible.
The four most commonly used scientific journals for publishing validation studies and population results are the Journal of Forensic Sciences, the International Journal of Legal Medicine, Forensic Science International, and Legal Medicine (Figure 16.1). Scientific meetings where DNA typing validation studies are presented include the International Symposium on Human Identification (sponsored each Fall by the Promega Corporation), the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (held each February), the Congress of the International Society of Forensic Genetics (held in late summer bi-annually), and the International Association of Forensic Sciences (held every
Figure 16.1 Common journals for publications on forensic DNA methods, population genetics, and validation studies.
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This book discusses the futility of curing stammering by common means. It traces various attempts at curing stammering in the past and how wasteful these attempt were, until he discovered a simple program to cure it. The book presents the life of Benjamin Nathaniel Bogue and his struggles with the handicap. Bogue devotes a great deal of text to explain the handicap of stammering, its effects on the body and psychology of the sufferer, and its cure.