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Conservation Geneticist Conservation Biology Genetic Approaches Elizabeth A. De Stasio Lawerence University Cloning Organisms Danielle M. Dick Indiana University Behavior Michael Dietrich Dartmouth College Nature of the Gene, History Christine M. Disteche University of Washington X Chromosome Gregory Michael Dorr University of Alabama Eugenics Jennie Dusheck Santa Cruz, California Population Genetics Susanne D. Dyby U.S. Department of Agriculture Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary...

Insights from Laboratory Observation

Although anatomically and genetically simple, C. elegans mimics the life cycle of humans. Starting from a fertilized egg, it undergoes a complex development that gives rise to excretory, reproductive, digestive, and neuromuscular organ systems. The cell lineages of each of the 959 adult somatic cells have been directly observed, as has the fact that an additional unique set of 131 cells die during development. These deaths would have gone unnoticed, except for their demise was observable under...

Noncoding Triplet Repeat Disorders

The noncoding triplet repeat diseases typically have large and variable repeat expansions that result in multiple tissue dysfunction or degeneration. The triplet repeat sequences vary in this subclass (CGG, GCC, GAA, CTG, and CAG). It is clear that the particular triplet sequence and its location with respect to a gene are important defining factors in dictating the unique mechanism of pathogenesis for each disease. The pathogenic mechanism also varies from disease to disease depending on the...

Entering the Profession

In addition, technical writing is a profession that pays well. According to a 2000 salary survey by the Society for Technical Communication, the average salary for a technical writer in the United States. is about 52,000. An entry-level technical writer makes about 37,000, which compares favorably with entry-level positions in other fields. The average salary for a seniorlevel technical writer with supervisory responsibilities is about 65,000. Salary level also depends on geographic location,...

Mammalian Mechanisms

A developing mammalian embryo's gender is determined by two sequential processes known as primary and secondary sex determination. Primary Sex Determination. Early in an embryo's development (four weeks after fertilization, in humans), two groups of cells become organized into the gonad rudiment that will eventually develop into either the ovaries or testicles. These gonads will eventually be the source of gametes in the adult. However, at this early stage they are unstructured organs that lack...