For Your Reference

The following section provides a group of diagrams and illustrations applicable to many entries in this encyclopedia. The molecular structures of DNA and RNA are provided in detail in several different formats, to help the student understand the structures and visualize how these molecules combine and interact. The full set of human chromosomes are presented diagram-matically, each of which is shown with a representative few of the hundreds or thousands of genes it carries.

NUCLEOTIDE STRUCTURE

Sample naming conventions for each structure:

(Nitrogenous base)

Sugar k3' Tj

Base

Nucleoside v_

Nucleotide

Adenine

Adenosine

Adenosine monophosphate

DNA VS. RNA

HO H deoxyribose

C5' O base

C5' O base

HO [OH] ribose

HO [OH] ribose

Thymine

Uracil

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment