Early stages of the human genome project involved the physical mapping and subsequent sequencing of genes and intervening segments. A number of companies were founded specifically to identify genes, sequence them, and determine their function as a means to lead to new diagnostics and pharmaceuticals. These companies include Incyte, Human Genome Sciences, and Celera Genomics. This group of companies has contributed to public and private databases millions of bases of sequence data not only for the human genome, but for many microorganisms as well.
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