hormone cell membrane cell membrane

mRNA production

A steroid hormone binds to a two-part receptor within the cell. This links with a coactivator, making a complex that binds to DNA. This triggers transcription of the target gene, through interaction with general transcription factors.

key difference between microorganisms and more-complex plants and animals is that the former are largely independent, with each cell in contact with the environment. In contrast, more complex plants and animals are self-contained entities whose interior is mostly insulated from the environment. Animals have complex organ systems, with each organ specialized for a particular function. Therefore, the survival of the organism depends on the precise regulation of growth, differentiation, and metabolism in different groups of cells throughout the animal.

The endocrine system is the set of glands and other tissues responsible for coordinating cellular growth and differentiation, many aspects of

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