Adp

Pi release triggers a "power stroke," a conformational change in the myosin head that moves actin and myosin filaments relative to one another. ADP is released in the process.

A nerve impulse causes release of Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The released Ca2+ binds to troponin (another protein-ligand interaction) and causes a conformational change in the tropomyosin-troponin complexes, exposing the myosin-binding sites on the thin filaments. Contraction follows.

Working skeletal muscle requires two types of molecular functions that are common in proteins—binding and catalysis. The actin-myosin interaction, a protein-ligand interaction like that of immunoglobulins with antigens, is reversible and leaves the participants unchanged. When ATP binds myosin, however, it is hydrolyzed to ADP and Pj. Myosin is not only an actin-binding protein, it is also an ATPase—an enzyme. The function of enzymes in catalyzing chemical transformations is the topic of the next chapter.

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