Info

*A reported dissociation constant is valid only for the particular solution conditions under which it was measured. Kd values for a protein-ligand interaction can be altered, sometimes by several orders of magnitude, by changes in the solution's salt concentration, pH, or other variables.

interaction of avidin with biotin, an enzyme cofactor, is among the strongest noncovalent biochemical interactions known.

*A reported dissociation constant is valid only for the particular solution conditions under which it was measured. Kd values for a protein-ligand interaction can be altered, sometimes by several orders of magnitude, by changes in the solution's salt concentration, pH, or other variables.

interaction of avidin with biotin, an enzyme cofactor, is among the strongest noncovalent biochemical interactions known.

^This immunoglobulin was isolated as part of an effort to develop a vaccine against HIV. Immunoglobulins (described later in the chapter) are highly variable, and the Kd reported here should not be considered characteristic of all immunoglobulins.

Calmodulin has four binding sites for calcium. The values shown reflect the highest- and lowest-affinity binding sites observed in one set of measurements.

FIGURE 5-5 Steric effects on the binding of ligands to the heme of myoglobin. (a) Oxygen binds to heme with the O2 axis at an angle, a binding conformation readily accommodated by myoglobin. (b) Carbon monoxide binds to free heme with the CO axis perpendicular to the plane of the porphyrin ring. When binding to the heme in myoglobin, CO is forced to adopt a slight angle because the perpendicular arrangement is sterically blocked by His E7, the distal His. This effect weakens the binding of CO to myoglobin. (c) Another view (derived from PDB ID 1MBO), showing the arrangement of key amino acid residues around the heme of myoglobin. The bound O2 is hydrogen-bonded to the distal His, His E7 (His64), further facilitating the binding of O2.

Weight Loss Funnel

Weight Loss Funnel

Who Else Wants To Discover The 3 Most Effective Fat Burning Methods The Weight Loss Industry Does NOT Want You To Know About.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment