Weak Interactions in Aqueous Systems

Hydrogen bonds between water molecules provide the cohesive forces that make water a liquid at room temperature and that favor the extreme ordering of molecules that is typical of crystalline water (ice). Polar bio-molecules dissolve readily in water because they can replace water-water interactions with more energetically favorable water-solute interactions. In contrast, nonpolar biomolecules interfere with water-water interactions but are unable to form water-solute interactions— consequently, nonpolar molecules are poorly soluble in water. In aqueous solutions, nonpolar molecules tend to cluster together.

Hydrogen bonds and ionic, hydrophobic (Greek, "water-fearing"), and van der Waals interactions are individually weak, but collectively they have a very significant influence on the three-dimensional structures of proteins, nucleic acids, polysaccharides, and membrane lipids.

Lose 10 Pounds Naturally

Lose 10 Pounds Naturally

Studies show obesity may soon overtake tobacco as the leading cause of death in America. Are you ready to drop those extra pounds you've been carrying around? Awesome. Let's start off with a couple positive don't. You don't need to jump on a diet craze and you don't need to start exercising for hours each day.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment