Goal Setting Motivational Software

Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software

GoalsOnTrack.com is one of its kind goal-oriented web based application. The software has been designed to assist people in setting, tracking, and reaching personal and professional goals. This web based application keeps track of your progress towards the goal. The primary objective of this web application as it annunciates is getting things done. GoalsOnTrack has a very basic sign-up all you need is a valid email address. A speedy confirmation is sent to your inbox with details on how to log-in. Once you log-in you have a nicely design dashboard where you can begin recording your goals. After your goals for the week, month, or even year has been entered the task editor will quickly organize the objectives in order of importance. Everyday a checklist of the things you need to do appears under each specific goal. As you complete them percentage of progress status is highlighted. The journal operates as a blog or notepad. Past entries are automatically archived. Read more...

Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software Summary


4.7 stars out of 13 votes

Contents: Software
Creator: Vancouver IT Services, Inc.
Official Website: www.goalsontrack.com
Price: $9.95

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My Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software Review

Highly Recommended

Goalsontrack Smart Goal Setting Software is a professionally made product. Professionally done by acknowledged experts in this area of expertise.

In conclusion, I would say that the learning curve for this software is quite steep and lengthy to get the full benefits from it's use. But if you are prepared to put in the hours needed to learn it's full capabilities this piece of software will give you many times that back. I can recommend this software to anyone.

The Power Of Focus

The Power of Focus is a fantastic guide meant to help you be a goal oriented and a high achieving guy by improving your concentration. The guide unleashes several missteps as well as wasteful things that affect average individuals and illustrates how you can avoid them. The book has transformed the lives of many individuals from different walks of lives. The strategies used in the guide are quite simple and can be used by any person irrespective of academic qualifications. In the guide, you will learn how you can effectively distinguish activities that propel you towards success from the ones that simply waste your time. There are so many activities that add no value to your daily life, though you may not know them. In the Power of Focus, the Author shares a number of strategies that have proved effective in differentiating wasteful actions from beneficial ones. This will help you remain in the path of success. You will also learn How very successful individuals, such as Elon Musk use the State of Mind and how you too can do that. The guide has already proved effective to thousands of individuals across the world. The strategies used are simple and can be applied by anyone irrespective of the level of education. The package comes with two free bonuses to help you reap maximum benefits. Grab your copy today and be on the right track to success. Read more...

The Power Of Focus Summary

Contents: Ebook
Author: Jack Canfield
Price: $47.00

Goal setting

The consultant should assist the individual with goal setting to ensure smarter goals are set (i.e. specific, measurable, acceptable and realistic to the individual's lifestyle, time-phased, enjoyable and recorded). The goals should meet the client's needs and take into account factors discussed during the consultation, such as solutions to barriers, likes and dislikes, and current activity status. Participants should be given a copy of the activity goals to take away with them.

Metacognition and selfregulation

Skills in the attainment of desired ends (Creer, 2000). Others, (e.g. Endler and Kocovski, 2000) see self-efficacy as an important factor in self-regulation, but do not conceive this as a subordinate or componen-tial element. Despite their different theoretical and conceptual positions, most researchers appear to agree that self-regulation should be viewed as a systematic process involving the setting of personal goals and the subsequent channelling of one's behaviour towards their achievement. Zimmerman (1995, 2000) points out that an emphasis upon personal agency helps us to distinguish between metacognition that 'emphasises only knowledge states and deductive reasoning when, for example, choosing cognitive strategies' (2000, p. 14) and self-regulation that also includes self-beliefs and affective reactions with regard to specific performance contexts. Self-regulation involves cognitive, motivational, affective and behavioural components that enable individuals to adjust their...

Psychological perspectives

A teacher necessarily has a third-person perspective on the learner's thinking and can only make inferences about it on the basis of what the learner does. Some earlier approaches to instructional design have focused on precisely formulated, externally-imposed behavioural objectives in place of goals which learners set for themselves or agree with others. First-person goal setting may be desirable in some contexts and with certain types of content, whereas group negotiation of goals may be preferred in other contexts and teacher or other externally-driven instruction may be most effective in yet other contexts, particularly where masterly learning and accurate performance is expected. This argument applies just as much to the development of thinking skills as to any other kind of learning.

Criticisms of Early Behavior Therapy

While a small proportion of early behavior-therapy practice did reflect these values to some extent, most behavior therapists eschewed such methods of coercive behavior change, preferring a much more egalitarian approach to therapeutic goal setting and behavior change. Then, as now, most behavior-therapy techniques lacked the potency to bring about involuntary behavior change. Most behavior therapists, then as now, considered it unethical to enforce behavior changes against a client's wishes, even when such changes appeared, from the therapist's perspective, to carry with them potential client benefits. Regardless of theoretical basis, the humanization of behavior therapy referred to

Management And Economics

Extension agents are advocating that management teams be established to help meet strategic goals on dairy farms. 10 Veterinarians are recognized as important members of these teams. Goals must be established by farm owners, and team members must have an altruistic vision to develop strategies to meet those goals. The veterinarian can be a key facilitator to help team development by incorporating team-building skills into veterinary training.

Theoretical Foundations And Concepts

Within MI, change is presumed to be a result of a process of cognitive restructuring based in decision-making. MI also draws on the affective valence of possible behavior changes and their consequences, as well as on the affective valence for the client of remaining unchanged. The MI therapist attempts to create conditions that foster a client's full consideration of options, restructuring of cognitions with respect to the likelihood of reaching important personal goals without change, and a restructuring of the client's view of possible new, healthier behavior. Integrated into this process are attempts by the therapist to elicit from the client his her own strongly held values, and to stimulate the natural change processes believed to be inherent in all individuals. In this sense, MI can be considered to fall within the family of cognitive-behavioral interventions, while still retaining a strong link to Rogerian therapy.

Transferencecountertransference And Culture

Conversely, many therapists deny that cultural differences have any relevance to psychotherapy, and they believe that all patients are or should be just like me after all. The exuberance of this revelation may often pave the way to unwarranted assumptions regarding social values that may interfere with an insightful-em-pathetic enactment of mutual goal setting in cross-ethnic psychotherapy. In such cases, the therapist may overlook the special needs associated with specific minority membership to the point of cultural insensitivity.

Fragment Optimization

Our goals for the first stage of fragment optimization are to improve upon parent fragment activity by > 100-fold (IC50 1-10 mM 10-100 M), to validate the selected fragment by establishing an initial SAR with small linear libraries at each available synthetic handle, and to correlate this SAR with observed co-crystal structures and computational predictions of potency. The following summary of our experience with spleen tyrosine kinase (Section 11.8.1) serves as an instructive example, before describing our approach at each stage of lead discovery and optimization in detail (Sections 11.8.2, 11.8.3, 11.8.4).

Problem Solving And Depression

A recent review of the available literature indicates that across several different samples of both clinical (e.g., adult outpatients reliably diagnosed with major depressive disorder, adult and adolescent inpatient groups, adult cancer patients) and nonclinical (e.g., high school students, college students, community residents) groups, strong associations exist between various problem-solving variables and depression (Nezu, Wilkins, & Nezu, in press). This appears to be true as well across various cultures (e.g., American, Chinese, and South African undergraduate students, French adolescents) and using various types of measures to assess problem solving (e.g., self-report and behavioral performance tests). For example, a negative problem orientation has been found to be an especially strong predictor of depression. Further, depressed adults, compared to matched nondepressed controls, evidence deficits in various problem-solving tasks related to real-life problems, such as...

Pintrichs general framework for selfregulated learning Description and intended use

Pintrich produced his framework in an edited text (Boekaerts, Pintrich and Zeidner, 2000) devoted to issues concerning aspects of self-regulation. In his chapter, he seeks to synthesise common features of several SRL models in order to provide a means of examining learning and motivation in academic contexts. Pintrich (2000) defines self-regulated learning (SRL) as 'an active, constructive process whereby learners set goals for their learning and then attempt to monitor, regulate and control their cognition, motivation and behaviour, guided and constrained by their goals and the contextual features in the environment' (p. 453). Table 5.3, closely modelled upon that provided in the chapter, displays a framework for classifying the different phases of, and areas for, regulation.

Cognitive planning and activation

Target goal setting once task-specific goals have been identified, they can then be used to guide cognition and monitoring processes. These goals may need to be adjusted or changed during task performance as part of the monitoring, control and reflection processes. Target goal setting Goal orientation adoption

Individual Adjustment and Well Being

Similarly, practitioners of CBT should be familiar with overarching social issues that impede personal adjustment. Advocates have developed disability-affirmative therapy to help individuals find meaning in their circumstances, develop personal goals in the face of stigma and discrimination, and facilitate rewarding significant relationships with others based on acceptance and understanding (Olkin, 1999). Although clinical trials of this approach have yet to be conducted, disability-affirmative therapy clearly embraces the basic tenets of CBT and may be applicable to persons with considerable capacity for insight and learning.

Mariano Koen Alonso and Peter Yodzis

Most applied studies pay some attention to parameter values (e.g., sensitivity analysis), but the influence of functional form is rarely touched upon (Fulton et al., 2003). Yodzis (1988, 1998, 2000) has addressed these issues in the context of local (near equilibrium) tropho-dynamic models. One of our goals here is to carry this analysis forward to the global arena (far from equilibrium). Another goal is to see whether, and how, food web theory can address practical problems in real systems.

Exploration of Model Behavior

Given our goals, the second approach is the one that we actually followed. Instead of simulations, we relied on continuation and bifurcation analysis (Doedel et al., 1991a, b Doedel et al., 1998). In this way, we can track how the attractor of the system changes as we vary one or more parameters (the bifurcation parameters). In this case we defined the harvest rates as H h Bf where h is the harvesting mortality (or fishing mortality if you prefer), and used the harvesting mortality ht as bifurcation parameter. Although this approach allows building a general picture

Acceptance of Controlled Drinking

Initially, several additional components of BSCT (basic alcohol education, goal setting, functional analysis of drinking behavior, generation of coping strategies to be employed in high-risk drinking situations) were employed to help him moderate his drinking. Although the quantity consumed per drinking day decreased compared to baseline, neither J. nor his therapist was satisfied with the impact of these techniques on his drinking. Following an explanation of the rationale and procedure of CET with a moderation goal, J. agreed to a trial of CET. Sessions increased to twice per week for the next 5 weeks One session each week was devoted to cue exposure and the other session was devoted to working on J.'s non-drinking-related difficulties. (During and following CET, self-esteem, relationship issues, and assertiveness were addressed using a supportive, rational-emotive therapy-based, problem-solving approach. Specifically, the therapist and client engaged in role-play, therapist-guided...

Application of the TTM in the general population

Precontemplation Raise awareness of benefits of activity and risks of inactivity Contemplation Decisional balance (perceived pros and cons of activity) Preparation Decisional balance, overcoming barriers to activity, set goals for increasing activity, seeking support Action Set goals for regular activity, seeking support, rewards, relapse

Assessing current activity levels

Assessing the individual's current physical activity levels can be carried out using a questionnaire, such as the Stanford Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall (Blair, et al., 1985), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) (Craig, et al., 2003) or an activity diary. This assessment provides the exercise consultant with information on the individuals' actual activities and can be used to identify possible opportunities for physical activity in their daily routine (e.g. parking the car further away and walking part of the journey to work). In addition, daily recording of activities in a diary can help individuals monitor their progress as they make changes to their exercise behaviour, and it can provide them with feedback on whether they have achieved their set goals.

Repeat Exercise Consultations

Some of the studies evaluating the effectiveness of the exercise consultation have used a repeat exercise consultation at six months. If individuals attend repeat consultations, information recorded during the first exercise consultation should be reviewed. For example, participants should be asked if they achieved the activity goals set during the previous consultation. If clients did not achieve their goals, then the reasons for this should be explored and new goals set. For example, did they encounter any barriers to activity or risky situations that caused a lapse or relapse from activity Assessing the individuals' current activity levels and comparing them to the first activity assessment can inform individuals if their activity levels have increased, been maintained or declined over the past six months. Individuals who have increased their activity or remained regularly active should be praised for their achievements. However, barriers to activity, problem solving, goal setting...

Product development project

The product development process and its decisions, outcomes, activities and techniques are going to be improved from the results of the benchmark study. The milestones in the project need to be set, and then followed in the project to see if they have been accomplished partially or completely. The targets for the later stages and the whole project may need to be reviewed as the project proceeds through the various stages, because of the new knowledge and achievements in the early stages. The benchmark metrics are accepted into the project and used during the project, and adjusted if necessary. For example, in past projects, the product quality may have been identified as low because of poor packaging and storage properties this means more creative and controlled package design together with more extensive storage tests, and metrics of packaging quality such as improving reject level on the production line or in distribution, and lengthened storage life of the new product. In putting...

Confirmation Paradox See Null Hypothesis

During the late 1940s and early 1950s, conflict theorists began to study empirically the social phenomena of cooperation and competition. The terms cooperation and competition refer to collaborative efforts and rivalry, respectively, concerning mutually desired goals or the means of achieving individual or mutual goals. In a pure cooperation situation, the goal of one individual can be reached only if the other members also attain their goals. In the case of pure competition, a person's goals can be attained only if the others do not attain their goals. However, the extremes of pure cooperation and pure competition are rarely encountered in realistic contexts, and most situations are a blend of both types. One theoretical approach uses mathematical games and models to describe the behavior of rational individuals in situations of interdependence. Other approaches study laboratory interactions of bargaining and negotiation situations, prisoner's dilemma games, locomotion...

Arthur A Freeman and Bradley Rosenfield

The patient endorse, prioritize, and keep a copy of the goals for reference serves to increase commitment, cue consistent behavior, and illustrate how each homework activity brings patients closer to their own most desired goals in a way that patients may construe as being more volitional than as an imposition. modify the obstacles that plague patients in daily life and prevent them from reaching their most desired goals, one can increase patient motivation to pursue these fundamental issues.

Attributionattitude Boomerang Effect See Attribution Theory

According to Kelley's model (also called Kelley 's cube), before making an attribution (either internal or external), one would ideally ask three questions about another's behavior (1) Is it consistent (2) Is it consensual normative (3) Is it distinctive If the answer to (1) is no, the attribution will probably be external. If the answer to (1) is yes, either an external or internal attribution will be made, depending on the answers to (2) and (3). If the answer to both (1) and (2) is yes, the attribution will probably be external. If the answers to both (1), (2), and (3) are yes, no, ye, respectively, the attribution will probably be internal. If the answers to (1), (2), and (3) are yes, no, no, respectively, the attribution will probably be a combination of both external and internal factors. Also, according to Kelley, a covariation correlation principle is employed when people infer the causes of events, including the behavior of other people, by observing whether...

Very Low Calorie Diets and Meal Planning

Brian was seen in individual therapy for over 2 years. Family therapy was also incorporated into the treatment plan. Treatment followed the protocol described by Williamson and colleagues in 1996. Initially Brian was seen once per week in individual therapy and the frequency of therapy sessions was gradually faded to biweekly and then once per month over the course of the first year. He was seen about once per month during the second year of therapy. All components of the behavioral management program (described earlier) were used in Brian's therapy program, including self-monitoring, stimulus control procedures, reinforcement shaping, goal setting, behavioral contracting, problem-solving, meal planning, modification of physical activity, relapse prevention, and enhancement of social support. Toolbox approaches were used to individualize treatment. Behavioral therapy for binge eating was used to modify skipping meals and cognitive approaches were used to modify beliefs about the...

Cbt For Obesity The Future

Does the CBT model of obesity require reformulation Cooper and Fairburn (2002) have agued for the need to reformulate the theory, aims, and procedures used in CBT for obesity. These authors maintain that the problem of poor long-term outcome following CBT for obesity may be attributed to two factors (a) inattention to the cognitive factors that contribute to weight regain and (b) ambiguity over treatment goals in long-term interventions. They note that long-term failure may be directly related to unrealistic expectations about weight loss and its benefits. Indeed, while CBT commonly produces body weight reductions of 8-10 , obese persons typically enter treatment expecting weight losses of 25-32 (Foster, Wadden, Vogt, & Brewer, 1997). Furthermore, Cooper and Fairburn observe that obese persons also have personal goals that they hope weight loss will produce for them, such as dramatically improving physical appearance, enhancing social acceptability, and increasing self-confidence...

Organismic Theorymodel

With punishment by management .social man theory - holds that people are basically motivated by social needs that determine their sense of identity and meaning through relationships with others self-actualizing man theory - maintains that people are intrinsically motivated, as in the worker who has deeply personal, internalized reasons for doing a good job and complex man theory - argues that different workers have different needs and capabilities, and managers leaders must be sensitive to individual differences in the desires, needs, fears, and abilities of workers. The issue of worker motivation has been approached by three theories, among others goal-setting theory, equity theory, and expectancy theory. Research on goal-setting theory (i.e., the proposal that specific and difficult goals lead to higher performance) suggests that goals provide both direction and mobilization of behaviors where the specificity of the goal acts as an internal stimulus. According to equity theory in a...

Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy

Cognitive behavior group therapy (CGBT) Therapy that occurs within the context of a group and that incorporates a variety of cognitive strategies, modeling techniques, and other behavioral techniques. generalization phase In this phase clients are prepared to transfer what they have learned in group to the natural environment. Extra-therapeutic assignments are designed to be carried out in the community. intervention phase Situational analyses and goal setting are the primary foundations. Technical applications include correcting cognitive distortion, providing corrective information, exposure, modeling, and behavior rehearsal, with input from other group members.

Outcome Research On Cbgt

Roffman and colleagues in 1997 assessed the effectiveness of CBGT to prevent HIV transmission in gay and bisexual men. Approximately 159 men were matched and assigned to receive either the 17-session group counseling (n 77) or remain in an 18-week wait-list control (n 82) condition. The CBGT condition was based on a relapse prevention model. Early sessions emphasized building group cohesion (one of the few studies that explicitly did so), HIV education, motivational enhancement, and goal setting. Middle sessions focused on determining antecedents to risky behavior and developing appropriate coping strategies that included coping skills training in high-risk situations that involved communication, cognitive activities, and behavioral strategies. Maintenance strategies for the preservation of safer behaviors were also included. This

The Community in Public Health Interventions

The success of the North Karelia Project prompted other community-based interventions. The best-known in the United States are probably the Three Communities Study (Farquhar et al. 1977) and the Stanford Five-City Project (Fortmann and Varady 2000), both of which took place in California in the 1970s and 1980s. Like Karelia, these projects were explicitly designed to influence a broad population rather than specific audiences such as patients in hospitals, smokers, or people with heart disease. But these projects paid more explicit attention to communication theories. To amplify the effects of messages, they tried to stimulate interpersonal discussion within communities and thereby increase their diffusion. Radio, television, print media, and other printed materials were used to distribute information, but community groups and various coalitions also were mobilized in support of the project goals. Considerable efforts were expended to match messages and media types to different...

Description Of Treatment

Assertion training usually consists of a variety of components, including instruction, model presentation, behavior rehearsal, feedback, programming of change, and homework assignments. Other procedures that may also be used, depending on what is found during assessment, include self-instruction training, relaxation training, cognitive restructuring (e.g., decreasing unrealistic expectations or beliefs), and interpersonal problem-solving training (helping clients to effectively handle challenging situations that arise in social situations such as reactions of anger that get in the way of maintaining friendships). Written material may be used to provide instructions and to clarify differences among aggressive, assertive, and passive behaviors in a situation. For example if you believe you have been treated unfairly by a professor, you could appropriately speak to your instructor about your concerns (be assertive), say nothing (be passive), or yell at the instructor (be aggressive)....

Deborah Slalom and E Thomas Dowd

Ladouceur et al. (2002) pointed out, gambling is a source of gratification and a means of escape. Therefore, abstinence can lead to frustration and tension because these desired goals are now blocked. One way to reduce these frustrations is through relaxation training. In a study by Sharpe and Tarrier (1992), the subjects described their urges in terms of physiological arousal. By using relaxation techniques, it was found that the intensity of these urges was significantly reduced.


Venter I don't know the answer to your question. It is an example of the great complexity we're dealing with. Some people are trying to classify these mutations to determine whether different clusters of mutations are associated with different clinical states, but it's not yet clear if this is going to be the case. It is a feature of developmental biology that decisions are made constantly at different stages, and so minor aberrations in protein concentrations could have large impacts on developmental fate. This is a disturbingly complicated set-up, in terms of our goals of trying to intervene and correct developmental mistakes. It would be nice if there were clear-cut rules, such as 'changes in this gene always cause this particular disease state', but this is not the case. The assumptions so far have been that changes in the chloride ion channel always cause cystic fibrosis, but the new information coming out indicates that this is not the case, and people are going to have to think...


Instructions concerning effective behavior may be given verbally or presented in written, audiotape, or filmed form. This is often combined with model presentation and coaching during role-plays. Specific behaviors are identified to increase, decrease, stabilize, or vary and their relationship to desired goals described. Instructions may be given concerning only one behavior at a time, which is then role-played, or more than one behavior may be reviewed depending on the available skills (entering repertoires) of each client. What not to do (e.g., smile or giggle while requesting a change in an annoying behavior) as well as what to do (e.g., look at the person, face the person) are described.


Reactivity refers to changes in behavior that occur in a person who is being observed as a function of the assessment process. Reactivity effects can occur in all behavioral assessment methods and can lead to behavioral increases or decreases depending on the behavior that is being observed. Reactivity effects are often associated with the duration of observation, the amount of change in the environment associated with the observation, the identity of the observers, the amount of instructions provided subjects, the goals of assessment, and the methods of data reporting. Korotitsch and Nelson-Gray in 1999 suggested that variables affecting self-monitoring reactivity include the valence of the target behavior (desirable behaviors tend to increase in frequency), motivation for change, the topography of the target, the schedule of recording, concurrent response requirements, the timing of recording, goal-setting feedback and reinforcement, and the nature of the recording device....

Kirk Strosahl

ACT is one of the few cognitive-behavioral treatments to undergo a field-based clinical effectiveness study. Strosahl and colleagues developed an ACT training package for a group of masters' level therapists in an outpatient HMO mental health system. Compared with a control group of therapists who did not receive the training, ACT therapists produced greater clinical benefits as reported by patients, had less referrals for psychiatric medicines, and were more likely to complete cases earlier with the mutual consent of the client. In an uncontrolled clinical effectiveness study, Strosahl found that chronically depressed personality-disordered patients treated in the ACT model reported significant reductions in depression and an increased rate of achieving important personal goals. There are several large clinical trials underway examining the effectiveness of ACT with severe drug addiction, tobacco cessation, and social phobia. Hopefully, results of these and future studies will help...

Self Monitoring

A central feature of behavioral weight loss interventions is self-monitoring of eating and exercise habits. Self-monitoring generally involves recording food intake and intentional efforts to increase physical activity. This monitoring should occur at the time of each behavioral event, that is, at each meal or snack or immediately after a bout of exercise. Self-monitoring also generally involves recording (1) environmental events associated with eating and exercise (e.g., place and time of day), (2) cognitive and emotional reactions (e.g., eating in response to stress), and (3) hunger ratings before and after eating. Self-monitoring serves several purposes (1) enhanced awareness of habits, patterns of behavior, and amount of food eaten at meals and snacks, (2) record of behavior that can be used to evaluate progress and to set goals for reinforcement, and (3) dietary record that can be analyzed for the adequacy of the person's nutritional intake across time.


We suggest that, given the diversity of the client group and the range of personal goals of individual clients, the marrying of risk stratification in the traditional medical sense with the art of the experienced practitioner ensures a safe and effective approach to exercise delivery for this ever-increasing patient group. It will be interesting to monitor whether the UK will adopt the Canadian approach described earlier, which aims to provide a quantifiable indication of overall risk for CHD individuals and mirrors the approach currently used by many experienced practitioners.


This is a condition born of good intentions. Doctors who fall prey to it are, for the most part, individuals who have striven for perfection in their careers. It grows from unrealistic goal setting. Burnout is fostered by common personality characteristics of those that choose and succeed in emergency medicine. Near-compulsive overachievement, denial of one's limits, a low level of trust, distant interpersonal relationships, and independent self-sufficiency are common. An effect is that the processing of deep feelings is repressed. Instead of addressing their own symptoms of personal stress, physicians tend to project feelings of irritability, anger, and frustration on others patients, nurses, and their families.

Assessment Phase

Goal setting is also part of the assessment phase. Both individual treatment and common treatment goals are developed by each client, and, later in the process, group goals are formulated concerning group conditions requiring change. The attainment of group goals should Group goals refer to a future change in interactive phenomena that occur in the group. An example of one group goal is at the end of this session, all the members of the group will have actively participated in the role-plays. Another is by the end of the next session, the members all establish a norm that extra-group tasks will be completed if agreed to at a prior session. A third example is the attraction of the members to each other (as measured on a postsession questionnaire) will increase from the previous session to the end of this session. Although we urge formal goal setting as part of the treatment process, in some versions of CBGT the use of goals is more implicit than explicit. Group goals can sometimes be...


Placed on helping partners to define and instigate increases in positive behaviors and to reduce negative behaviors that are exchanged by partners in their home environment. A technique called contingency contracting may be employed, where partners enter into written behavioral contracts to increase or decrease certain targeted behaviors. If the behavioral goal is accomplished, a reward for the individual or couple may be earned if failure to perform the agreed-on behavior occurs, a punishment may be invoked. More recently, using a bank account analogy, practitioners of BMT have helped distressed couples to reduce or eliminate what either partner might experience as withdrawals from the relationship bank account (e.g., criticisms, starting arguments, inconsiderate or disliked behaviors) and to make positive deposits into the relationship account (e.g., initiate quality activities together, increase caring behaviors or other behaviors that partners find pleasing). Over the course of...

Empirical Basis

Asarnow, Scott, and Mintz (2002) designed an efficacious beyond that combined CBT and family education intervention to address data suggesting that family factors can predict outcomes and treatment response in depressed children. They selected 23 fourth-through sixth-grade-children to participate in the Stress Busters afterschool program twice a week for 5 weeks. Stress Busters included family education to enhance generalization of CBT technique to the real world and promote family support the creation of a video viewed by parents that exhibited the children practicing newly learned CBT skills and utilized generic as well as depression-focused CBT techniques. Sessions included activities such as games, homework, and role-playing designed to assist children in building problemsolving skills, goal-setting skills, social skills, relaxation techniques, as well as learning to effectively respond to positive or negative emotional spirals.

Health and Wholeness

A less formal starting point than Kass's from which to examine the relationship between health and medicine is Pellegrino's definition of health as a state of accommodation, defined in different terms by each person. We feel healthy, he says, when we have found an equilibrium between our already-experienced shortcomings and our aspirations and have adjusted our goals to the gap between them. This means that health cannot be understood apart from a person's life history, or to use Jos Ortega y Gasset's phrase, one's personal project (p. 45). Healing, according to this definition of health, occurs when a new equilibrium is found between one's hopes and one's failures that can be incorporated into one's personal project. As such, healing must be based on an authentic perception of the experience of illness in the particular person.

Chris Burke

When I was at Don Guanella School in Springfield, Pennsylvania, my second ambition was to become a reporter. So, I worked on the school newspaper, writing articles each month. Once I even wrote to President Reagan, and he took the time to write back and encourage me and all the other students to work to reach our goals in life. We printed that letter in the paper, and everybody was thrilled. My English teacher helped me a lot and that prepared me, I think, for my job as editor of News & Views at the National Down Syndrome Society. It is a great job and I work with super people.

The Vision

We asked the National Down Syndrome Society's Self-Advocate Advisory Board (a group comprised of teens and adults with Down syndrome who want to make a difference for themselves, their friends, and future generations) the following question What are your goals, visions, and dreams for the future Their answers, not surprisingly, were not much different than those you would expect from a group of nondisabled teens and adults. One self-advocate from New Hampshire wished to graduate from her local high school and attend college another young man from California wished to live in his own home another from Ohio wanted to own her own business and another from New Jersey wanted to have friends.

Leaving A Legacy

Leaving A Legacy

Learn how helping others benefits you and how you can begin accomplishing powerful goals in the process. Within this product you will learn the secrets behind having inner peace and inspiring others.

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