Other herpesviruses

Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus can cause acute encephalitis syndromes.77 Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection may also be complicated by encephalitis, which usually develops a week after the exanthem begins. Acute cerebellar ataxia is the most common complication of chickenpox.57,61 An eruption of herpes zoster may be complicated by encephalomyelitis and granulomatous arteritis, the latter of which has been associated with zoster ophthalmicus.57

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