Behavioral and Emotional Characteristics of FTD

The most common behavioral changes that accompany FTD are loss of social awareness and insight, personal neglect, disinhibition, impulsivity, impersis-tence, inertia, aspontaneity, mental rigidity and inflexibility, motor and verbal perseveration, stereotyped activities and rituals, utilization behavior (tendency to compulsively use whatever object is placed before the individual), and hyperorality (tendency to frequently mouth objects). Emotional changes of FTD include unconcern, apathy, emotional shallowness and lability, loss of empathy and sympathy, and a fatuous jocularity. Consensus clinical criteria, based on these behavioral and emotional characteristics, have been developed for FTD (see Table III). However, as yet there is insufficient research comparing these criteria to neuropathological findings, preventing adequate assessment of sensitivity and specificity.

Neuropsychological testing of persons with FTD typically reveals deficits in verbal fluency, abstraction ability, and other areas of executive functioning. However, because some AD patients also demonstrate substantial executive function deficits, this pattern of neuropsychological test performance cannot be considered specific to FTD.

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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