Clearly, the use of individual or group counseling as a treatment modality for persons with mental retardation has limitations. Persons with mental retardation often have trouble generalizing behaviors, recognizing consistent patterns of behaviors, and generating insight-oriented understandings. However, counseling that is directive and modified has been used effectively in the treatment of educational, vocational, and nonpsychiatric behavioral problems. Modifications should include the use of simplistic language, structured and directive communication, and the use of visual aids when necessary. In general, establishing realistic and attainable goals given the developmental levels and profiles of the client is the primary motivation of the counselor. Specifically, the counselor's goals are often to assist a person in understanding and labeling his or her emotional states, teach problemsolving and decision-making skills, and help the client learn that his or her behaviors result in consequences. Efficacy studies examining the use of counseling strategies for persons with mental retardation have demonstrated positive outcomes.

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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