Eye Movements and Dream Imagery

The discovery of characteristic bursts of eye movements in sleep led to the hypothesis of a direct relationship with the oneiric imagery, as some anecdotal reports seem to suggest. For example, one subject—who was awakened after a period 15 min of eye inactivity followed by some large shifts from right to left—reported having dreamed of driving a car while staring at the road ahead of him until, coming to a crossroads, he was struck by the sudden appearance of another car approaching quickly from the left. Some empirical studies, albeit not completely exemplary on a methodological level, seemed to support the hypothesis of a close connection between eye movements and dream images. According to some researchers, rapid eye movements are indeed the result of the actual scanning of the dreamed "scene."

According to other researchers, however, eye movements represent random, inevitable bursts of motor activity. Eye movements could merely be one of a variety of physiological signs of the peculiar pattern of activation processes of the organism that coexist with dreaming. If a correlation between REMs and dream content were to be verified, it would still be unclear whether chaotically generated eye movements forced appropriate dream content or dream content forced appropriate eye movements; correlation is not causation. The study of subjects blind since birth soon appeared to be the most logical approach to test the "scanning hypothesis.''

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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