Perceived Control

Perceived control over illness has been shown to be positively associated with better psychological adjustment in many studies of different chronic illnesses, with the strongest relationships being found in patients with more severe disease. In addition, the effects of stressor controllability have been widely researched in animal models. Animals exposed to uncontrollable stress typically demonstrate decreased immune responses and faster disease progression than yoked animals exposed to controllable stress. Human studies of immune alterations to uncontrollable stress have produced mixed results. Whereas some have found reduced lymphocyte proliferation to mitogens in participants exposed to controllable versus uncontrollable stress, the majority have found the opposite. It appears that objective control (actually having control over the stressful stimulus) is not as important as perceived control in modulating immune responses. Research examining the impact of perceived controllability over both acute and chronic stressors has found decreased functional and enumerative immune measures in participants perceiving less control over the stressor. These findings persist whether the stressor is actually controllable or not.

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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