Neuromuscular rehabilitation centers have used EMG biofeedback to successfully aid physical therapy and occupational therapy procedures with stroke, spinal cord, head injury, and various neuromuscular disorder patients. Typically, the feedback is used with stimulation and exercises to recruit neuromuscular pathways that are not up to par. It is hard to pin down the components in this protocol. It may improve patient motivation, reopen neural pathways, help regulate motor homeostasis, or all of the above. John Basma-jian, in a pioneering work called Muscles Alive, has described this work including the demonstration of conditioning a single motor unit. The feedback appears to potentiate an afferent pathway in a way not possible without it. Within this context, physical and occupational therapists use biofeedback in conjunction with physical hands-on training and stretching techniques (see Fig. 1).

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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