Social Use of Language

A number of studies have focused on children's developing awareness of the perlocutionary effect of their utterances and the ability to modify locutionary acts to take into account their listeners' knowledge. Although 5-year-olds know when to use definite and indefinite articles ("the" and "a"/"an''), depending on the listener's presuppositional knowledge about an object, children younger than age 7 or 8 do not perform well on referential communication tasks, in which they are required to describe a scene or unusual object that is hidden from the listener's view. Using more naturalistic data, such as spontaneous speech, other studies have found that even 4-year-olds change the way they speak. For example, they use simpler language if they are talking to 2-year-olds, which shows some awareness of the distinct needs of a very young conversational partner.

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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