Bipolar Disorders

There are four types of bipolar mood disorders.

a. Bipolar I Disorder This disorder is characterized by the occurrence of one or more manic or mixed episodes. Although it is not a requirement, most individuals also have had one or more major depressive episodes. In addition, this disorder is divided into bipolar I disorder, single manic episode, with the presence of only one manic episode and no past major depressive episodes, and other types depending on the nature of the most recent episode—hypomanic, manic, mixed, depressed, or unspecified.

b. Bipolar II Disorder This disorder is characterized by the occurrence of one or more major depressive episodes accompanied by at least one hypomanic episode.

c. Cyclothymic Disorder This disorder is characterized by the occurrence of numerous periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms not meeting criteria for major depressive episodes for a 2-year period without symptom-free periods of more than 2 months.

d. Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified This category includes disorders with bipolar features that do not meet criteria for any specific bipolar disorder.

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