Behavioral Responses

When Hess succeeded in implanting electrodes in the brain and permanently fixing them to the skull of animals, he found that stimulation of different parts of the hypothalamus produced a array of behavioral responses. For example, electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in cats elicited autonomic and somatic responses characteristic of anger: increased blood pressure, raising of body hair, pupillary constriction, raising of the tail, and other characteristic emotional behaviors. Thus, the hypothalamus is not only a motor nucleus for the autonomic nervous system, as well as a neural part controlling the neuroendocrine system, but also a coordinating center that integrates various inputs to ensure a well-organized, coherent, and appropriate set of autonomic and

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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