True Intelligence

Perkins proposed a theory of what he refers to as true intelligence, which he believes synthesizes classic views as well as new ones. According to Perkins, there are three basic aspects to intelligence: neural, experiential, and reflective.

Neural intelligence concerns what Perkins believes to be the fact that some people's neurological systems function better than do the neurological systems of others, running faster and with more precision. He mentions "more finely tuned voltages'' and "more exquisitely adapted chemical catalysts'' as well as a "better pattern of connecticity in the labyrinth of neurons,'' although it is not entirely clear what any of these terms mean. Perkins believes this aspect of intelligence to be largely genetically determined and unlearnable. This kind of intelligence seems to be similar to Cattell's idea of fluid intelligence.

The experiential aspect of intelligence is what has been learned from experience. It is the extent and organization of the knowledge base and thus is similar to Cattell's notion of crystallized intelligence. The reflective aspect of intelligence refers to the role of strategies in memory and problem solving, and it appears to be similar to the construct of metacognition or cognitive monitoring.

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