Cerebrospinal Fluid Drainage

ICP may be diminished by drainage of CSF through a ventricular catheter. Although this reduction in ICP

may be beneficial in many forms of cerebral edema, it is particularly effective in the treatment of hydrocephalic edema. Clinicians utilize this intervention when preliminary measures such as osmotherapy have failed. The presence of small ventricles may impair drainage due to the collapse of the ventricular walls around the catheter tip. Lumbar puncture for CSF drainage is not recommended because resulting pressure gradients may precipitate herniation syndromes.

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