Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive accurately, appraise, and express emotion; the ability to access and/or generate feelings when they facilitate thought; the ability to understand emotion and emotional knowledge; and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth. The concept was introduced by Salovey and Mayer and popularized and expanded upon by Goleman.

There is tentative evidence for the existence of emotional intelligence. For example, researchers found that emotional perception of characters in a variety of situations correlates with SAT scores, with empathy, and with emotional openness. Full convergent-discriminant validation of the construct, however, appears to be needed.

Some scholars still hold a relatively simple view of intelligence not much different from the view proposed by Spearman in 1904. However, with the introduction of emotional intelligence and all the other kinds of intelligences, it seems like a simple view may fail to capture intelligence in all its richness.

See Also the Following Articles

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE • BILINGUALISM • CATEGORIZATION • COGNITIVE AGING • COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, OVERVIEW • CREATIVITY • EVOLUTION OF THE BRAIN • INFORMATION PROCESSING • LANGUAGE ACQUISITION • LANGUAGE AND LEXICAL PROCESSING • LANGUAGE, NEURAL BASIS OF • LOGIC AND REASONING • PROBLEM SOLVING • SPEECH

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