Lexical Semantic or Cultural Memory

Musical stimuli are often associated with linguistic labels. In the PET study of musicians with absolute pitch, the association of verbal labels (note names) with musical pitches was hypothesized to depend in part on left dorsolateral frontal cortex, as was the association of the names of musical intervals (e.g., major/minor third) with pairs of tones whose frequencies formed the same ratio. Many other types of verbal labels are associated with musical sounds: the names of melodies, songs, or pieces; composers; styles; and specific musical elements or functions (e.g., eighth note and decrescendo). Amusias following focal damage or dementia may sometimes be confined to the loss of the ability to retrieve such verbal associations, particularly following left hemisphere damage.

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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